Wyrac [Item 142] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Wyrac [Item 142]

Item details

Name of item: Wyrac [Item 142]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 81 Cheltenham Road, Croydon, NSW 2132
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
81 Cheltenham RoadCroydonBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 81 Cheltenham Road, Croydon has historic and aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storeyed c.1900’s - 1910 Federation Queen Anne style house. The buildings retains their original form, character and detailing including a gabled and hipped roof with tall brick decorative chimneys and terracotta ridge cresting and finials, a projecting gable with a shingled panel, decorative bargeboard and sun motif, flat metal deck verandah supported by decorative timber posts and brackets on a low brick pier base with a concave brick balustrade. Other features include timber framed casement windows with highlight windows with a timber shingle bracketed tiled hood over, bulls eye window and a timber panelled front door. The cottage garden features mature plantings of trees, palms and shrubs and herbaceous plants. The building and garden make a positive contribution to the corner streetscape.
Date significance updated: 18 Jun 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1918-1918
Physical description: ‘Wyrac’ is a single storey c.1900 - 1910 Federation Queen Anne style house is located on the corner of Waimea Street East. The gabled and hipped roof is clad in tiles with tall brick decorative chimneys and terracotta ridge cresting and finials. The front facade features a projecting gable with a shingled panel, decorative bargeboard and sun motif. The flat metal deck verandah extends across the front corner entry and is supported by decorative timber posts and brackets on a low brick pier base with a concave brick balustrade. Other features include timber framed casement windows with highlight windows with a timber shingle bracketed tiled hood over, bulls eye window and a timber panelled front door.

The building has a large front setback with a low brick fence with a cottage garden which features mature plantings of trees, palms and shrubs and herbaceous plants. A path extends to the steps of the verandah. The front boundary timber picket fence and gate continues around the corner and joins a timber paling fence.

Modifications
Roof tiles have been replaced and some lead lights windows replaced.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Croydon area were to Sarah Nelson (1794), James Brackenrig (1794), Thomas Rowley (1799) and Dennis Connor (1796).

The Parramatta Road began as a track linking Sydney to Parramatta. In c.1814, a stagecoach began to run along the road, leading to the emergence of staging posts and inns in the 1820’s. The construction of Liverpool Road in c.1812 opened up land between these major thorough-fares.

Several large villas were built in the northern part of Croydon during the 1860’s including Henry Webb's 'Cicada', Captain Henry Fox’s ‘Evandale’ and Anthony Hordern’s ‘Shubra Hall’. Croydon Station (then named Five Dock) was opened in c.1875 and a village established around it. The area became a semi-rural retreat for business people, and it prompted many landholders to subdivide their estates into smaller allotments.

A model garden suburb was developed from c.1909, known as the Malvern Hill Estate. Subdivision of the Cintra Estate led to the construction of a unique collection of 20 concrete houses from c.1913. By the early 1920s there was a fair amount of land for sale and prices were high, especially in the Malvern Hill area. Small pockets of land were occasionally released, mostly from the demolition of villas and the subdivision of their grounds.

Many of the houses in Croydon were supplied with bricks from three large brick pits in the area. The brick pit located on Webb Street ran between c.1879 and 1930, with brickworks at Queen Street (near Lang Street) operating from about 1873 to 1920. The Burwood Brickworks opened in c.1913 in Cheltenham Road, operating into the 1970s, with its closure marking the end of brick making in Croydon.

In Australia the Federation style exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are generally domestic in scale and are picturesque. Characteristics include, asymmetrical facades, dominant roof forms with barge boarded gables, face brickwork, roughcast walls, detailed verandahs on more than one side, bay windows, art nouveau detailing, tall chimneys, dormers and towers.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building is of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c.1900 - 1910.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storey c.1900 - 1910 Federation Queen Anne style house. The buildings retains their original form, character and detailing including a gabled and hipped roof with tall brick decorative chimneys and terracotta ridge cresting and finials, a projecting gable with a shingled panel, decorative bargeboard and sun motif, flat metal deck verandah supported by decorative timber posts and brackets on a low brick pier base with a concave brick balustrade. Other features include timber framed casement windows with highlight windows with a timber shingle bracketed tiled hood over, bulls eye window and a timber panelled front door.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is an excellent representative example of a single storey Federation Queen Anne style house constructed in c.1900 – 1910.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc. [f] The garden setting of the front yard and generous side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWyrac001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i14209 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19861.81Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250083


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