Federation House [Item 212] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House [Item 212]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 212]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 48 Woodside Avenue West, Strathfield, NSW 2135
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
48 Woodside Avenue WestStrathfieldBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 48 Woodside Avenue, Strathfield has historic and aesthetic significance as a good intact example of a two storeyed c. 1890’s house designed in the Federation Queen Anne style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a tiled hipped and gabled roof with chimneys, a pyramidal roof with timber finial, asymmetrical front façade constructed of face brickwork and a ground floor brick arched verandah enclosed with timber framed glass panelled doors, timber windows and fibre cement panelling. A two storey projecting bay consists of casement windows, shingled cladding and a separate shingle tiled roof. The first floor consists of an open balcony with timber balustrade and timber posts supporting a tiled conical roof over. Other details include a broken roof line, gabled entrance porch, timber framed double hung windows, brick pilasters, brick voussoirs, and terracotta emblems. The building, including the large front garden makes a positive contribution to the Woodside Avenue streetscape.
Date significance updated: 21 May 19
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1874-1918
Physical description: Two storey c.1890’s Federation Queen Ann style house with a concrete tiled hipped and gabled roof including a pyramidal roof with timber finial. The front facade is asymmetrical and constructed of face brickwork. The ground floor consists of a large brick arched verandah enclosed with timber framed glass panelled doors, timber windows and fibre cement panelling. A two storey projecting bay consists of casement windows, shingled cladding and a separate shingle tiled roof. The first floor consists of an open balcony with timber balustrade and timber posts supporting a tiled pyramidal roof over. Other details include tall chimneys with terracotta pots, a broken roof line, gabled entrance porch, timber framed double hung windows, brick pilasters, brick voussoirs, and terracotta emblems.

There is a concrete driveway on the western boundary withy a pergola structure in front of the house. The front boundary fence consists of a low brick wall. There is a very large front garden with large lawn, trees and plants.

Modifications
Chimney removed, verandahs enclosed, roof tiles replaced, some original planting removed. There is a large rear c.1950s-60s extension and a small freestanding building referred to as a “Coach House” and possibly former garage, and another more recent building is located at the rear of the deep site.

History

Historical notes: The area of Strathfield within the Burwood Municipality falls within the land grant to Thomas Rowley in 1799. Early activities in the area included farming, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads.

Early settlement of the Strathfield district was by wealthy merchants and businessmen who lived in villa estates, as is similar to the development of Burwood and Croydon generally. Strathfield was considered a highly prestigious area of large houses in expansive grounds. A railway station was constructed in Burwood in 1855, while Strathfield did not receive its station until the mid 1870’s. The new station led to an expansion of Strathfield.

Santa Sabina College was established at Strathfield in January 1894, following the arrival of a group of Dominican sisters from Ireland who purchased land from wine grower, Harold Lindeman.

By the 1890s, many of the early villa estates had been subdivided for speculative development. The Federation period saw the development of many houses under the ‘Garden Suburb’ model, but houses of the Inter-War period also feature strongly within Strathfield’s conservation areas.

In Australia the Federation architecture exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are domestic in scale and use traditional vernacular motifs to achieve informality of planning, massing, fenestration and landscaping.

The property appears to have been subdivided in 1950.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c. 1890’s.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storey c. 1890’s house designed in the Federation Queen Anne style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a tiled hipped and gabled roof with chimneys, a pyramidal roof with timber finial, asymmetrical front façade constructed of face brickwork and a ground floor brick arched verandah enclosed with timber framed glass panelled doors, timber windows and fibre cement panelling. A two storey projecting bay consists of casement windows, shingled cladding and a separate shingle tiled roof. The first floor consists of an open balcony with timber balustrade and timber posts supporting a tiled conical roof over. Other details include a broken roof line, gabled entrance porch, timber framed double hung windows, brick pilasters, brick voussoirs, and terracotta emblems.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a good representative example of a two storey Federation Queen Anne style house constructed in c. 1890’s.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [b] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [c] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [d] Architectural details and decorative elements which have been damaged or lost should be repaired and/or reinstated (based on sound evidence/research). [e] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc. [f] The garden setting of the front yard and side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i21209 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19862.8Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250132


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