Shingle Style Houses [Item 209] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Shingle Style Houses [Item 209]

Item details

Name of item: Shingle Style Houses [Item 209]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 129A & 129C Wentworth Road, Strathfield, NSW 2135
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
129A & 129C Wentworth RoadStrathfieldBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Nos. 129A and !29C Wentworth Road, Strathfield have historic and aesthetic significance as good intact examples of two storeyed c. 1900 houses designed in the Federation Arts and Crafts style. The buildings significantly retains their overall scale, form and character including steep pitched terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roofs, gable ends featuring decorative timber bargeboards, timber brackets and timber gable screens. The front and side facades are clad in timber shingles, No. 129A having rendered and roughcast (stucco) on the ground floor level. Windows include timber frame double hung or multi pane casement. The buildings make a positive contribution to the Wentworth Road streetscape.
Date significance updated: 21 May 19
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1900-1900
Physical description: No. 129A
Two storey c.1900 Federation Arts and Crafts house with steep pitched terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof located on the corner of Angel Road. The gable ends feature decorative timber bargeboards, timber brackets, vents and timber gable screens. The front and side facades are asymmetrical and constructed of brickwork. The ground floor level is clad in smooth render up to sill height with roughcast (stucco) rendering above. The first floor level is clad in timber shingles. Most windows are timber frame double hung or multi pane casement.

There is a single storey addition on the northern side with a lower pitched terracotta tiled roof pitch, an enclosed return verandah and double screen entry doors as well as a separate single entry door.

There is a concrete pathway on the southern side of the house and a very wide driveway next to the western boundary with a large paved area. There are palm trees close to the Wentworth Road boundary and minimal trees along the Angel Road side. The front fence is a low rendered wall and tall piers along Wentworth Road and a low rendered wall along Angel Road.

Modifications
Aluminium security screen doors, fence has been replaced.

No. 129C
Two storey narrow c.1900 Federation Arts and Crafts house with steep pitched terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof. The first floor is partly within the attic space. The gable ends feature decorative timber bargeboards, timber brackets, vents and timber gable screens. The front facade is symmetrical, constructed of brickwork and clad in timber shingles. The ground floor level has an enclosed verandah on the northern side with an open balcony above with timber balustrade. There is a central fixed timber framed multi-paned leadlight glass window.

There is a concrete driveway on the southern boundary. A tall hedge runs along the street boundary.

Modifications
Side carport and rear addition added. Original fence replaced.

History

Historical notes: The area of Strathfield within the Burwood Municipality falls within the land grant to Thomas Rowley in 1799. Early activities in the area included farming, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads.

Early settlement of the Strathfield district was by wealthy merchants and businessmen who lived in villa estates, as is similar to the development of Burwood and Croydon generally. Strathfield was considered a highly prestigious area of large houses in expansive grounds. A railway station was constructed in Burwood in 1855, while Strathfield did not receive its station until the mid 1870’s. The new station led to an expansion of Strathfield.

Santa Sabina College was established at Strathfield in January 1894, following the arrival of a group of Dominican sisters from Ireland who purchased land from wine grower, Harold Lindeman.

By the 1890s, many of the early villa estates had been subdivided for speculative development. The Federation period saw the development of many houses under the ‘Garden Suburb’ model, but houses of the Inter-War period also feature strongly within Strathfield’s conservation areas.
The Shingle style is a uniquely American architectural style that flourished between 1879 and 1890 in which the entire building was covered with shingles. In a period when revivals of historical styles had overpowered architectural designs, the Shingle style turned away from learned eclecticism and thereby helped provide the spirit of functionalism that developed fully at the beginning of the 20th century.
The Shingle Style eventually spread beyond North America. In Australia, it was introduced by the Canadian architect John Horbury Hunt in the nineteenth century. .
Nos. 129A and 129C Wentworth Road have features from the Shingle style combined with features from the Federation style and Federation Arts and Craft architecture.

The property appears to have been resubdivided in c.1966.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages A Picturesque Residential District-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and buildings are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation Arts and Crafts period of development in the local area constructed in the c.1900.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The buildings are of local aesthetic significance as good examples of two storey c. 1900 houses designed in the Federation Arts and Crafts style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including steep pitched terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roofs, gable ends featuring decorative timber bargeboards, timber brackets and timber gable screens. The front and side facades are clad in timber shingles, No. 129A having rendered and roughcast (stucco) on the ground floor level. Windows include timber frame double hung or multi pane casement.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The buildings are good representative example of a two storey Federation Arts and Crafts style house that was constructed in c.1900.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [b] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [c] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [d] Architectural details and decorative elements which have been damaged or lost should be repaired and/or reinstated (based on sound evidence/research).

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanShingle-Style Houses001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i20909 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19862.16Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenR. Irving1985The History and Design of the Australian House

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250140


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.