Federation House [Item 211] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House [Item 211]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 211]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 8B Wonga Street, Strathfield, NSW 2135
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
8B Wonga StreetStrathfieldBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 8B Wonga Street, Strathfield has historic and aesthetic significance as a good intact example of a two storeyed c. 1890’s house designed in the Federation style house with some Queen Anne detailing. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including an asymmetrical facade constructed of face brickwork, a large projecting two storey faceted bay and two storeyed verandah. Other details include timber framed double hung windows with flat arched tops, moulded brick sills and brick voussoirs, slate covered hoods supported on decorative timber brackets, ground floor verandah supported on timber posts on a brick base with a brick balustrade and decorative timber valence, first floor balcony supported on timber posts on a timber balustrade clad with timber shingles and a decorative timber valence and timber and glass panelled French doors with sidelights and fanlight . The building, including the front garden makes a positive contribution to the Wonga Street streetscape.
Date significance updated: 21 May 19
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1918-1918
Physical description: ‘Jaringa’ is a two storey c.1890’s Federation house with terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof and some Queen Anne detailing. The front façade is asymmetrical and constructed of face brickwork with a large projecting two storey faceted bay and two storeyed verandah. The large projecting bay has timber framed double hung windows with flat arched tops, moulded brick sills and brick voussoirs. The gable end has timber battens and fibre cement sheeting with a plain timber bargeboard. There are two slate covered window hoods supported on decorative timber brackets.

The ground floor consists of an open verandah supported on timber posts on a brick base with a brick balustrade and decorative timber valence. Other details include a wide timber entry door with sidelight and fanlight and a set of four timber framed casement windows with a flat arched top. The first floor includes a balcony supported on timber posts on a timber balustrade clad with timber shingles and a decorative timber valence. There is a set of timber and glass panelled French doors with sidelights and fanlight and another timber door onto the balcony.

There is a concrete driveway on the eastern boundary. The front boundary fence consists of a sandstone base with a metal palisade fence between sandstone piers with palisade metal gates. There is a large front garden with lawn and remnant plantings including Butia yatay (jelly palm), Cinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) and Cupresses sp.

Modifications
Fence has been replaced.

History

Historical notes: The area of Strathfield within the Burwood Municipality falls within the land grant to Thomas Rowley in 1799. Early activities in the area included farming, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads.

Early settlement of the Strathfield district was by wealthy merchants and businessmen who lived in villa estates, as is similar to the development of Burwood and Croydon generally. Strathfield was considered a highly prestigious area of large houses in expansive grounds. A railway station was constructed in Burwood in 1855, while Strathfield did not receive its station until the mid 1870’s. The new station led to an expansion of Strathfield.

Santa Sabina College was established at Strathfield in January 1894, following the arrival of a group of Dominican sisters from Ireland who purchased land from wine grower, Harold Lindeman.

By the 1890s, many of the early villa estates had been subdivided for speculative development. The Federation period saw the development of many houses under the ‘Garden Suburb’ model, but houses of the Inter-War period also feature strongly within Strathfield’s conservation areas.

In Australia the Federation architecture exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are domestic in scale and use traditional vernacular motifs to achieve informality of planning, massing, fenestration and landscaping.

The property appears to have been subdivided in c.1964.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in the 1890’s.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storey c. 1890’s house designed in the Federation style with some Queen Anne detailing. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including an asymmetrical facade constructed of face brickwork, a large projecting two storey faceted bay and two storeyed verandah. Other details include timber framed double hung windows with flat arched tops, moulded brick sills and brick voussoirs, slate covered hoods supported on decorative timber brackets, ground floor verandah supported on timber posts on a brick base with a brick balustrade and decorative timber valence, first floor balcony supported on timber posts on a timber balustrade clad with timber shingles and a decorative timber valence and timber and glass panelled French doors with sidelights and fanlight.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a good representative example of a two storey Federation style house with some Queen Anne detailing that was constructed in the 1890’s.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [b] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [c] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [d] Architectural details and decorative elements which have been damaged or lost should be repaired and/or reinstated (based on sound evidence/research). [e] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc. [f] The garden setting of the front yard and side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i21109 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19862.18Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250142


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