Federation House [Item 177] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House [Item 177]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 177]
Other name/s: Yulgilbah
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 42 Kembla Street, Croydon Park, NSW 2133
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
42 Kembla StreetCroydon ParkBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 42 Kembla Street, Croydon Park has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good example of a single storeyed c. 1900 – 1910 Federation timber Bungalow. Despite some modifications the building retains its original form, character and detailing including an asymmetrical front facade, steep pitched corrugated steel hipped roof, fibro sheeting and timber battens, a projecting bay with timber casement windows with small coloured glass panels and highlights and a bracketed timber sun hood, a front verandah supported on timber posts with decorative timber brackets on a tiled floor. Located on a corner, the building has an unusual design and makes a positive contribution to the Kembla Street streetscape.
Date significance updated: 20 May 19
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1918-1918
Physical description: A single storey c.1900 -1910 Federation Bungalow with steep pitched corrugated steel hipped roof located on the corner of Tullimbar Street. The front facade is asymmetrical and constructed of timber with fibro sheeting and timber battens. It features a projecting bay with timber casement windows with small coloured glass panels and highlights and a bracketed timber sun hood. The roof continues over the front verandah which is supported on timber posts with decorative timber brackets on a tiled floor. The timber entry door has a metal security screen.

There is a front brick paved path. A low brick fence is on the street boundary. There is a medium sized front garden extending around the corner with lawn, trees and plants.

Modifications
The front gable end and projecting bay appears to have metal sheeting behind the timber battens. The fibro sheeting and battens appears to have replaced the original weatherboards. The original front fence has been replaced.
Modifications and dates: A garage has been constructed in 1995.

History

Historical notes: Land granted to William Faithful in 1808 covers what is now Enfield and much of Croydon Park. The land was later owned by Simeon Lord, one of Sydney's wealthiest merchants, and in 1824, by W.H. Moore, who cleared much of the heavily timbered area for farming.

The earliest commercial activity in the area was the lumber trade. Thomas Hyndes, a prosperous merchant, had timber getters and millers working the land of the Cooks River valley as early as 1809. By the mid 1840’s, wood cutters, gardeners, innkeepers, storekeepers and blacksmiths were forming the nucleus of the Enfield village. Hyndes financed the building of a schoolhouse and St Thomas’ Church, opening in 1847 and 1848 respectively.

The Cooks River valley remained a rural district in the 1890’s with two vineyards, various market gardens and nurseries, and a poultry farm. The Enfield district featured numerous brick yards and a stream brick factory. Rupert Cook’s Brickworks operated on land alongside Mitchell Street, now part of Henley Park. The Enfield Tramway is important in the area’s history and development, established in 1891 as a steam operation, but electrified and expanded in 1912.

By the 1920’s the area was predominately working class with construction of modest cottages on small allotments by speculative builders. During the 1930’s depression, the government made funds available for improvements to

According to the Deposited Plan, dated 1957, the house was originally clad in weatherboards.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building is of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c.1900 – 1910.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a good intact example of a single storey c. 1900 – 1910 Federation timber Bungalow. Despite some modifications the building retains its original form, character and detailing including an asymmetrical front facade, steep pitched corrugated steel hipped roof, fibro sheeting and timber battens, a projecting bay with timber casement windows with small coloured glass panels and highlights and a bracketed timber sun hood, a front verandah supported on timber posts with decorative timber brackets on a tiled floor.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The building has an unusual design located on a corner location.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is an excellent representative example of a single storey Federation Bungalow constructed in c. 1900 – 1910.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc. [f] The garden setting of the front yard and side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i17709 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19862.26Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250150


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