Federation House [Item 187] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House [Item 187]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 187]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 18 The Parade, Enfield, NSW 2136
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
18 The ParadeEnfieldBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 18 The Parade, Enfield has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a single storeyed c.1915 Federation bungalow. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a terracotta tiled gable roof with shingled gable end, asymmetrical facade constructed of face brickwork and features a projecting bay with decorative gable end, sandstone base and timber frame double hung windows with a timber frame hood over. Other details include a timber panelled door with fanlight and security screen door and a terracotta tiled verandah supported on timber posts on brick piers with timber brackets, valence and balustrade. The building makes a positive contribution to the streetscape
Date significance updated: 23 Jun 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1915-1915
Physical description: A single storey c.1915 Federation Bungalow with terracotta tiled gable roof with terracotta tiled ridge cresting with decorative chimneys with terracotta pots and a shingled gable end. The front facade is asymmetrical, constructed of face brickwork and features a projecting bay with decorative gable end, sandstone base and timber frame double hung windows with a timber framed hood over. Other details include a timber panelled door with fanlight and security screen door and a terracotta tiled verandah supported on timber posts on brick piers with timber brackets, valence and balustrade.

There is a front tessellated tile path leading to the front verandah. A concrete driveway is located on the southern side of the property. A low timber picket fence with decorative lynch gate is on the street boundary. There is a small sized front garden with large trees and plants.

Modifications
Front fence has been replaced. Security door added.

History

Historical notes: Land granted to William Faithful in c.1808 covers what is now Enfield and much of Croydon Park. The land was later owned by Simeon Lord, one of Sydney's wealthiest merchants, and in c.1824, by W.H. Moore, who cleared much of the heavily timbered area for farming.

The earliest commercial activity in the area was the lumber trade. Thomas Hyndes, a prosperous merchant, had timber getters and millers working the land of the Cooks River valley as early as c.1809. By the mid 1840’s, wood cutters, gardeners, innkeepers, storekeepers and blacksmiths were forming the nucleus of the Enfield village. Hyndes financed the building of a schoolhouse and St Thomas’ Church, opening in 1847 and 1848 respectively.

The Cooks River valley remained a rural district in c.1890’s with two vineyards, various market gardens and nurseries, and a poultry farm. The Enfield district featured numerous brick yards and a stream brick factory. Rupert Cook’s Brickworks operated on land alongside Mitchell Street, now part of Henley Park. The Enfield Tramway is important in the area’s history and development, established in c.1891 as a steam operation, but electrified and expanded in c.1912.

By the 1920’s the area was predominately working class with construction of modest cottages on small allotments by speculative builders. During the 1930’s depression, the government made funds available for improvements to the Municipality, including the construction of the Enfield Olympic Pool, which opened in c.1933.

In Australia the Federation style exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are generally domestic in scale and are picturesque. Characteristics include, dominant roof forms with barge boarded gables, face brickwork, detailed verandahs on more than one side, bay windows, tall chimneys, dormers and conical towers.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building is of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c.1915.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storey c.1915 Federation Bungalow. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a terracotta tiled gable roof with shingled gable end, asymmetrical facade constructed of face brickwork and features a projecting bay with decorative gable end, sandstone base and timber frame double hung windows with a timber framed hood over. Other details include a timber panelled door with fanlight and security screen door and a terracotta tiled verandah supported on timber posts on brick piers with timber brackets, valence and balustrade.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a very good representative example of a single storey Federation Bungalow that was constructed in c.1915.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] The garden setting of the front yard and side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i18709 Nov 12   
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19862.44Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250168


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