Federation House [Item 86] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House [Item 86]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 86]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 25 Nicholson Street, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
25 Nicholson StreetBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 25 Nicholson Street, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good example of a single storeyed c. 1920 house designed in the Federation bungalow style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a broken roof line with gables, symmetrical front facades constructed of face brickwork with brick quoining, a corner verandah with a flying entrance gable supported by squat rounded columns on wide brick piers, timber framed casement leadlight windows with highlight windows over, slate roofed window awnings with decorative timber brackets, timber and glass panelled entry door with highlight. The building makes a positive contribution to the Nicholson Street streetscape
Date significance updated: 28 May 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1920-1920
Physical description: Single storey c. 1920 Federation Bungalow with a slate tiled hipped and gabled roof with terracotta cresting and roughcast and brick chimneys. Located on the corner of Conder Street the most dominant feature of this house is the broken roof line with gables. The front facades are symmetrical and constructed of face brickwork with brick quoining. The slate roof extends down to form a corner verandah with a flying entrance gable supported by squat rounded columns on wide brick piers. Projecting gables face both streets with roughcast and decorative painted rendered battens to the apex. Other features include timber framed casement leadlight windows with highlight windows over, slate roofed window awnings with decorative timber brackets, timber and glass panelled entry door with highlight.

There is a medium sized front garden with large trees and plants and a concrete path leading to the tessellated tiled verandah. There is a low brick wall with short timber picket above on the front boundary with a corner gate. There is a driveway off Conder Street with rear garage.

Modifications
Aluminium security screen door and a low rendered brick fence.
A low brick fence and attractive garden provide an appropriate setting. It also has gables facing both streets, a corner gate and a small entrance gable.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in 1799 and William Faithful in 1808. In 1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in 1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in 1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in 1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to the 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By 1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

In Australia the Federation architecture exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are domestic in scale and use traditional vernacular motifs to achieve informality of planning, massing, fenestration and landscaping

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c. 1920.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storey c. 1920 house designed in the Federation Bungalow style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a broken roof line with gables, symmetrical front facades constructed of face brickwork with brick quoining, a corner verandah with a flying entrance gable supported by squat rounded columns on wide brick piers, timber framed casement leadlight windows with highlight windows over, slate roofed window awnings with decorative timber brackets, timber and glass panelled entry door with highlight.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a very good representative example of a single storey Federation bungalow that was constructed in c. 1920.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i8609 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19862.56Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250180


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