Federation House [Item 106] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House [Item 106]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 106]
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 79-81 Shaftesbury Road, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
79-81 Shaftesbury RoadBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 79-81 Shaftsbury Road, Burwood has historical, aesthetic and representative heritage significance. The place is significant historically because it represents a typical dwelling from a key period in the development of Burwood into a thriving suburb and is significant aesthetically due to its Federation Arts and Crafts architectural features remaining intact. The large house contributes positively to the Shaftesbury Road streetscape and has retained a fair amount of its original landscaping which contributes to its enrichment of the streetscape and increases the rarity of the subject item relative to similar Federation properties in the area.
Date significance updated: 29 May 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Two attached dwellings designed in c.1890 -1910 Federation Arts and Crafts style. The two storey large dwelling has a slate tiled hipped roof, with a jerkin-head roof with multiple gables showing prominent eaves with exposed rafters. The front facade is almost symmetrical and is constructed of face red brick with tuck pointed mortar joints and a large shingled gable end. Details include triple timber framed casement windows with highlights and shingled hoods above, glass panelled doors, enclosed verandahs and balconies

The building occupies a corner plot and features landscaping synonymous with the period in which the dwelling was constructed. A lynch gate with shingled roof and timber picket fence with attractive plantings are located on the southern and eastern boundaries which enhance the setting of the house.

Modifications

The building has retained a number of original internal features but has had many unsympathetic modifications made to it predominantly as a result of the installation of modern services.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in c.1799 and William Faithful in c.1808. In c.1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in c.1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in c.1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in c.1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to the 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By c.1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

The Theological Hall, as The Presbyterian Theological Centre was then known, was established in c.1873 by the N.S.W. Presbyterian Assembly to provide training for Presbyterian ministers. As the Presbyterian Training Institute, it was given a wider range of responsibilities in c.1983 when it moved from St Andrews College, University of Sydney, to Ashfield. Since 1987 it has operated under its present name at this site in Burwood in Sydney
The property appears to have been subdivided in c.1947.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The subject item displays a high amount of historic significance as an example of the expansion of the suburb of Burwood at the end of the 19th century and as an example of the housing stock typical for the social demographic that occupied the district during the period. The building displays stylistic characteristics of the Federation Arts and Crafts architectural style.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is a good example of Federation period architecture and has retained a high amount of original exterior building fabric, but has been subjected to modifications over time including internal alterations. It is aesthetically distinctive in that it occupies a corner plot and has retained many original landscape features that contribute to its setting
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The building has moderate rarity as a good example of a Federation Arts and Craft style building with its corner plot setting and the retention of much of the original garden.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is representative of the subdivision and expansion of Burwood during the late 19th century and represents a good example of Federation Arts and Crafts style architecture synonymous with the period.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [d] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc. [e] The garden setting of the front yard and side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i10609 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19863.10Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250247


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