Cranbrook [Item 42] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Cranbrook [Item 42]

Item details

Name of item: Cranbrook [Item 42]
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 8 Clarence Street, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
8 Clarence StreetBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 8 Clarence Street, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storeyed c. 1898 house designed in the Federation Queen Anne style. The building significantly retains its overall scale, form and character including a two storeyed verandah supported on turned timber posts with timber valence and cast iron balustrade, decorative gable end, coloured glass, window awnings, tessellated floor tiles and rendered string courses. The building, including the front garden makes a positive contribution to the Clarence Street streetscape.
Date significance updated: 14 May 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1898-1898
Physical description: Two storey c.1898 Federation Queen Anne style house with concrete tiled hipped roof with decorative moulded chimneys with terracotta pots and front gable. The original balcony roof has been replaced with a concrete tiled roof which continues from the main roof. The front façade is asymmetrical and constructed of face brickwork with a projecting bay consisting of a rendered string course, gable end with decorative timber bargeboard, paired timber framed double hung windows with decorative timber and moulded sills and slate tiled hoods over supported by turned timber brackets and valence. Other features include a two storeyed verandah supported on turned timber posts with timber brackets and valence, a first floor cast iron balustrade, tessellated ground floor tiles. The entry door is a timber and glass multi panelled door with leadlight sidelight and highlight windows.

There is a concrete driveway at the side, a wide large front mature garden and a low stone boundary fence.

The interior of the original house has original joinery, intact marble fireplaces, tiled hearths, and coloured leadlight windows around the staircase and front door.

Modifications
Large rear addition, concrete roof tiles and a metal security screen door

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in 1799 and William Faithful in 1808. In 1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in 1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in 1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in 1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to the 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By 1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

In Australia the Federation Queen Anne architecture exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are domestic in scale and use traditional vernacular motifs to achieve informality of planning, massing, fenestration and landscaping.

In 1888 Clarence Street became part of the Cheltenham Estate subdivision with various allotments sold from this time. In 1898 No. 8 Clarence Street, ‘Cranbrook was constructed for Mrs. E. Barnier Cranbrook.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c.1898.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storey c. 1898 house designed in the Federation Queen Anne style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a two storeyed verandah supported on turned timber posts with timber valence and cast iron balustrade, decorative gable end, coloured glass, window awnings, tessellated floor tiles and rendered string courses.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a very good representative example of a two storey Federation Queen Anne style house that was constructed in c.1898.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] Architectural details and decorative elements which have been damaged or lost should be repaired and/or reinstated (based on sound evidence/research). [f] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc. [g] The garden setting of the front yard and generous side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanCranbrook001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i4209 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19863.11Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenP. Reynolds1983A Study of the Clarence Street Precinct
WrittenThe Register of the National Estate1986Heritage Listing Proposal- Computer Printout

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250248


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