Lynton (Including Stables and Fernery) [Item 40] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Lynton (Including Stables and Fernery) [Item 40]

Item details

Name of item: Lynton (Including Stables and Fernery) [Item 40]
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Mansion
Primary address: 4 Clarence Street, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
4 Clarence StreetBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

A large and unusual Federation mansion of considerable architectural interest, which contributes greatly to the character of the area. The house is of state significance as a local landmark, in original condition and retains its original curtilage.
Date significance updated: 07 Dec 01
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Stanley N. Rickard
Construction years: 1906-1906
Physical description: An ornate and highly individual treatment of the Federation idiom, the house displays a complexity of form and materials, ranging from its multi-gabled roof line, roughcast render and leaded quarry windows, to vigourous application to flat carved timber and stonework. The grandeur of its setting was quite deliberately achieved with the house capturing so well the architectural qualities of the time. The most distinctive feature of this house is its picturesque roof line. Ornamentation was not just resricted to the roof, wood, glass, and tiles were the other main modes of decoration. The influence of Art Nouveau is displayed throughout the house and can be seen in the plaster ceiling of the drawing room and entry hall. In the design of windows and doors, plants are depicted in leadlight with the vegetation, such as leaves and flowers buds, twining from the base of the design towards the top. Where a door has a fanlight and sidelight ( the two main entry doors) the vegetation envelopes the door itself by twining from the base of the sidelight and making its way to the other side of the fanlight. A small parapet wall facing the street has the name "Lynton" inscibed on it. Stables located to the rear of the property.
Modifications and dates: 1985- Alterations were made to the interior, including the installation of kitchen fittings and the upgrading of the bathrooms. Reconstruction of two balconies and a lich gate and construction of a swimming pool. Modifications to the roof included the improvement of rusted gutters and downpipes. Valleys and flat roofs replaced with new copper to original.
In 1990 a lych gate has been erected and cedar balconies to the first floor reinstated.
Further information: The house has received an award from the National Trust and has won the Bicentennial Restoration Competition.

History

Historical notes: Lynton was designed for Arthur Hezlett by Architect Stanley N. Rickard in 1906. The Burwood Historical Society and the National Trust of Australia (NSW) nominated a group of Federation houses in Burwood for protection under the Heritage Act in 1981. An Interim Conservation Order was placed on the heritage precinct on 20th November. This nomination came into being principally because Lynton exhibited similar features to a fine collection of Federation style mansions that formed a coherent and well preserved streetscape. There were initially five houses protected in the precinct, all of the precinct as the area would be protected under a local environmental plan, but Lynton one of the most outstanding buildings should be protected by a Permanent Conservation Order. When Lynton was purchased by an Alderman of Burwood in 1985, the building was converted for use as a reception centre. In the process of conversion the removal of walls between the major rooms took place. It was at the time in derelict condition. The owner subsequently restored the house. Lynton was transferred to the State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Lynton was designed as an individual house set in its own garden. The house was built in Federation style giving a unity to the area not usually found in other development of the time. Lynton not only represents an important period in Australian architectural and social history but, indeed, reflects the concept of the time.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Lynton exhibits many of the features that are distinctive to the Federation style. Visible is the gabled high pitched roof. Double hung and the use of leadlight and stained glass windows are also apparent. Detailed timber columns and valances range along the verandah with the motif repeated in the window hoods and the bargeboards. The upper floor is set within the roof space in the form of gabled dormers. Gables are half timbered and stuccoed and the roof is slate with terracotta ridgings.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
It is the only house remaning in the block on a large area of land with frontage to Clarence Street.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Lynton is a distinctive example of the Federation Style. Lynton not only represents an important period in Australian architectural and social history, but, indeed, reflects the concept of the time.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i4009 Nov 12   
Within a conservation area on an LEPLynton001921 Jul 89 844570
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19863.13Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenM. Balaz and M. Issa1986Lynton House
WrittenP. Reynolds1983A Study of the Clarence street Precinct

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250250


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