Athole [Item 38] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Athole [Item 38]

Item details

Name of item: Athole [Item 38]
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 1 Church Street, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
1 Church StreetBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address
1A Church StreetBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandAlternate Address

Statement of significance:

No. 1 Church Street, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storeyed c. 1897 house designed in the Federation Queen Anne style. The building significantly retains its overall scale, form, character and detailing including face brickwork, a pyramidal roofed tower, timber frame double hung windows with curved tops, window hoods, a large gable with half timbering, and a two storey verandah with detailed timber balustrade, posts, brackets and frieze.
Date significance updated: 13 May 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Builder/Maker: Thomas Murray
Construction years: 1887-1887
Physical description: “Athole’ is a two storeyed c.1897 Federation Queen Anne house with terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof with tall decorative brick chimneys and a small tower with pyramidal roof. The house originally faced Clarence Street and the rear faced Church Street. The large front yard was subdivided in the 1990’s and the front entrance is now from Church Street. The original rear facade facing Church Street is constructed of face brickwork with contrasting bands. The ground floor has a central entry door and verandah with a closed in balcony directly above with terracotta tiled sloping roof. Windows are timber frame double hung with curved tops. There are numerous window hoods and bay window roof forms in timber and tile. The first floor features a blank face brick centre tower with pyramidal roof. The original front façade facing Clarence Street has a large gable with stuccoed half timbering and a two storey verandah with detailed timber balustrade, posts, brackets and frieze.

The building has a large mature garden facing Church Street with plants relating to the period of the building. A recent low brick wall and piers with steel palisade fence and gate runs along the Church Street boundary. The entrance gate has a terracotta tiled pyramidal roof structure supported on turned timber posts on brick piers.

Modifications
Replacement of Church street boundary fence.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in 1799 and William Faithful in 1808. In 1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in 1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in 1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in 1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to the 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By 1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

In Australia the Federation Queen Anne architecture exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are domestic in scale and use traditional vernacular motifs to achieve informality of planning, massing, fenestration and landscaping.

‘Athole’ was built in c.1897 by Thomas Murray, of Murray and Co., Department Store. The house originally faced Clarence Street and the rear faced Church Street. The large front yard was subdivided in the 1990’s and the front entrance is now from Church Street.

The Church Street frontage appears to have been added in the 1930s in a rather severe Queen Anne style. The original front garden has been subdivided for twentieth century cottages facing Clarence Street

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation Queen Anne period of development in the local area constructed in the 1897.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storey c. 1897 house designed in the Federation Queen Anne style. The building significantly retains its overall scale, form, character and detailing including face brickwork, a pyramidal roofed tower, timber frame double hung windows, a large gable with half timbering and a two storey verandah with detailed timber balustrade, posts, brackets and frieze.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a very good representative example of a two storey Federation Queen Anne style house that was constructed in c. 1897.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] Restoration of the in filled verandahs to their original open form is encouraged. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] Architectural details and decorative elements which have been damaged or lost should be repaired and/or reinstated (based on sound evidence/research). [f] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc. [g] The garden setting of the front yard and generous side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanAthole001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i3809 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19863.14Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenP. Reynolds1983A Study of the Clarence Street Precinct

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250251


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.