Federation House - Havilah [Item 123] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House - Havilah [Item 123]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House - Havilah [Item 123]
Other name/s: Havilah
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 14 Wyatt Avenue, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
14 Wyatt AvenueBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 14 Wyatt Avenue, Burwood has local historical significance as part of the c.1902 Wyatt subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in early c. 1910 in. It has aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of the Federation Queen Anne style. The building significantly retains its overall scale, form and including a ground floor verandah with turned timber posts, brackets and valence, first floor timber balcony with turned timber posts, brackets and balustrade supporting the slate roof over, a centre gable tall timber framed double hung windows with timber shutters, French doors, and contrasting brick voussoirs over windows. The building, including the front garden makes a positive contribution to the Wyatt Avenue streetscape.
Date significance updated: 30 May 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1910-1910
Physical description: ‘Havilah’ is a two storey c.1910 Federation Queen Anne house with slate tiled hipped roof with terracotta ridge cresting and brick chimneys. The front facade is almost symmetrical and is constructed of contrasting face brickwork. Features include a ground floor verandah with turned timber posts, brackets and valence, first floor timber balcony with turned timber posts, brackets and balustrade supporting the slate roof over. Other details include a centre gable tall timber framed double hung windows with timber shutters, French doors, and contrasting brick voussoirs over windows.

There is a brick driveway on the eastern side and a medium sized front garden with a mature palm tree, hedges, trees, lawn and plants. There is no front fence.

Modifications
Original fence removed.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in c.1799 and William Faithful in c.1808. In c.1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in c.1814.

The early land sales of the Burwood Estate prompted other early landholders; however, Burwood remained a roadside village and farming area until the coming of the railway line from Sydney to Parramatta in c.1855. Burwood was one of the original stations on the line. The opening of the Station brought about further subdivision and development of the area, particularly for city businessmen, wealthy merchants and industrialists who constructed substantial homes in the suburb. The Hoskins family were notable builders who decided to subdivide a large estate and create a model suburb with large houses on expansive grounds, gardens and community space. From c.1903 George Hoskins, who lived in Burwood Road, subdivided a nearby 20 acre paddock into 39 allotments around a winding road. By c.1909 he constructed thirty-six dwellings, all individually designed in the new, Federation style for lease to the business gentry. They also constructed a number of terraces in Wyatt Avenue, to accommodate minor servants of Hoskins and his fellow residents.

The site is part of 1000 acres (portion 248) granted to William Faithful in January 1810. lt is not clear if Faithful developed the land in any way, however, it was transferred in the 1830s and reconveyed in c. 1840s and in c.1847 by indenture of release conveyed to William and Joseph Wyatt.' In c.1869 just over 30 acres of the land was transferred to Joseph Wyatt who proceeded to sell parts in c. 1870s. By c.1888 his land holding was reduced to just over14 acres. In c.1902 the land, the Wyatt Estate was subdivided into 30 residential allotments about Wyatt Avenue. Some lots also addressed Burwood Road. A narrow laneway separated the allotments between each street.

The property is part of the c.1902 Wyatt Estate Subdivision and appears to have been built in c.1910.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historical significance as part of the c. 1902 Wyatt subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c.1910.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The site is associated with early local land speculators including the Wyatt brothers.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storey c.1910 house designed in the Federation Queen Anne style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a ground floor verandah with turned timber posts, brackets and valence, first floor timber balcony with turned timber posts, brackets and balustrade supporting the slate roof over, a centre gable tall timber framed double hung windows with timber shutters, French doors, and contrasting brick voussoirs over windows.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a very good representative example of a two storey Federation Queen Anne style house that was constructed in c.1910.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [b] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [c] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i12309 Nov 12   
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19863.26Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250263


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