Federation House and Garden [Item 128] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House and Garden [Item 128]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House and Garden [Item 128]
Other name/s: Weetangerra
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 21 Claremont Road, Burwood Heights, NSW 2136
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
21 Claremont RoadBurwood HeightsBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 21 Claremont Road, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a single storeyed early c.1915-20 Federation Bungalow. The building retains its original form, character and scale including, The building retains its original form, character and scale including, terracotta tiled hipped roof with terracotta finials, brick chimneys, asymmetrical front façade, tuck pointed face brickwork, verandah with gabled roof porch supported on timber posts on brick piers on a tessellated tiled base, timber and wrought iron balustrades, timber barge boards, timber entry door with sidelight and fanlight, timber framed casement windows with highlights and roughcast gable ends. The building, including the surrounding garden makes a positive contribution to the streetscape.
Date significance updated: 04 Jun 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Single storey c. 1915 - 20 Federation Bungalow with gabled and hipped roof clad in terracotta tiles with a rear two storey extension barely visible from the street. Tall brick decorative chimneys and finials adorn the roof. The front facade is symmetrical and constructed of tuck pointed face brickwork and features a high central projecting entry porch with a gable end of fibreboard sheeting and timber battens. The top of the gable has a decorative terracotta bird finial. The porch is supported on square timber posts with decorative curved timber brackets on a brick base. The steep pitched terracotta tiled roof extends over the tessellated tiled return verandah which extends across the front and around part of the north side. The balustrade is made up of angular brick piers with wrought iron panels between. Other details include tall timber framed leadlight casement windows with highlights and a small round window all with contrasting brick sills and surrounds. The front door is timber panelled with a metal security door.

A tessellated tiled path extends to the marble steps and tiled entry porch and bounds a small open lawn with perimeter garden beds. A paved brick driveway extends along the northern site boundary and side of the house to the rear garage. There is a metal gate located half way up the driveway and a lower wrought iron gate at the driveway boundary. The front boundary fence consists of decorative wrought iron panels and gates between brick piers on a high brick base. There is a medium sized front garden with lawn, trees and shrubs.

Modifications
Slate roof has been replaced with terracotta. The rear of the building has a two storey extension with small dormer windows located at the sides and rear of the roof. Front security door added. Wrought iron panels have replaced original panels in the front fence and balustrade.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in c.1799 and William Faithful in c.1808. In c.1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in c.1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in c.1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in c.1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to c.1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By c.1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

In c.1910 Mary Jane Austin of Enfield and George Lee purchased Lots 1 to 16 of the Brighton Estate and in 1913 subdivided the area to create the Austinlee Estate of Enfield. No. 21 Claremont Road is situated on a lot of that subdivision. The house was probably built between c.1915-20.

In Australia the Federation style exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are generally domestic in scale and are picturesque. Characteristics include, asymmetrical facades, dominant roof forms with barge boarded gables, face brickwork, detailed verandahs on more than one side, bay windows and tall chimneys.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building is of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c.1915 - 20.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storey c. 1915 – 20 Federation Bungalow. The building retains its original form, character and scale including, terracotta tiled hipped roof with terracotta finials, brick chimneys, asymmetrical front façade, tuck pointed face brickwork, verandah with gabled roof porch supported on timber posts on brick piers on a tessellated tiled base, timber and wrought iron balustrades, timber barge boards, timber entry door with sidelight and fanlight, timber framed casement windows with highlights and roughcast gable ends.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
21 Claremont Road is a very good representative example of a single storey Federation Bungalow constructed in c.1915-20.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] The garden setting should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i12809 Nov 12   
Within a conservation area on an LEPFederation House and Garden001921 Jul 89 844570
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250276


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