Federation House [Item 127] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Federation House [Item 127]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 127]
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 8 Claremont Road, Burwood Heights, NSW 2136
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
8 Claremont RoadBurwood HeightsBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 8 Claremont Road, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a single storeyed c.1915-20 Federation Bungalow. The building retains its original form, character and scale including, slate tiled hipped roof with terracotta tiled ridge capping, roughcast chimneys, asymmetrical front façade, face brickwork verandah bays with gabled roofs supported on timber posts on brick piers on a tessellated tiled base, timber and brick balustrades, timber barge boards, timber entry door with sidelight and fanlight, timber framed casement windows with highlights and roughcast gable ends. The building, including the surrounding garden makes a positive contribution to the streetscape.
Date significance updated: 04 Jun 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Single storey c.1915 - 20 Federation Bungalow with steep pitched slate tiled hipped terracotta tiled roof and ridge capping with brick and roughcast chimneys. The front facade is asymmetrical and constructed of face brickwork and features verandah bays with gabled roofs supported on timber posts on brick piers on a tessellated tiled base. Other details include timber and brick balustrades, timber barge boards, timber entry door with sidelight and fanlight, timber framed casement windows with highlights and roughcast gable ends.

There is a front path with a centre planting feature and a concrete driveway on the northern side of the property leading to a rear garage. A low brick wall and piers with timber pickets and metal gate is on the street boundary. There is a large mature front garden with lawn, trees and plants.

Modifications
Gate replaced in original front fence.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in c.1799 and William Faithful in c.1808. In c.1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in c.1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in c.1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in c.1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to c.1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By c.1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

In Australia the Federation Queen Anne style exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are generally domestic in scale and are picturesque. Characteristics include, asymmetrical facades, dominant roof forms with barge boarded gables, face brickwork, detailed verandahs on more than one side, bay windows, tall chimneys, dormers and conical towers.
In c.1910 Mary Jane Austin of Enfield and George Lee purchased Lots 1 to 16 of the Brighton Estate and in c.1913 subdivided the area to create the Austinlee Estate of Enfield. No. 8 Claremont Road is situated on a lot in that subdivision. The house was probably built between c.1915-20.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building is of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c. 1915 - 20.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storey c. 1915 - 20 Federation Bungalow. The building retains its original form, character and scale including, slate tiled hipped roof with terracotta tiled ridge capping, roughcast chimneys, asymmetrical front façade, face brickwork verandah bays with gabled roofs supported on timber posts on brick piers on a tessellated tiled base, timber and brick balustrades, timber barge boards, timber entry door with sidelight and fanlight, timber framed casement windows with highlights and roughcast gable ends.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
8 Claremont Road is a very good representative example of a single storey Federation Bungalow constructed in c.1915-20.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] The garden setting should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanBurwood Local Environmental Plan 2012i12709 Nov 12   
Within a conservation area on an LEPFederation House001921 Jul 86 844570
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19863.42Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250279


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