Federation House [Item 013] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House [Item 013]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 013]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 16 Brooklyn Street, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
16 Brooklyn StreetBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 16 Brooklyn Street, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as a excellent almost intact example of a two storeyed c. 1890-1910 large house designed in the Federation Anglo –Dutch style. The building significantly retains its overall scale, form and character including an elaborate centre parapeted gable, two “candle snuffer” roof towers and decorative chimneys. The front façade is almost symmetrical and is constructed of face brickwork, stone, moulded brick detailing, roughcast render, and timber battened fibre cement panel infill. Other features include a stone arched entry porch, ground floor open verandah with curved brick balustrade, timber posts, frieze and brackets. The first floor balcony has been enclosed with timber multi paned windows and timber battened fibre cement panelling.

The first floor balcony infill detracts from the overall appearance.
Date significance updated: 10 Jul 18
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Two storey C.1890 -1910 Federation Anglo-Dutch style large house with slate tiled hipped roof, elaborate centre parapeted gable, two “candle snuffer” roof towers and decorative chimneys. The front façade is almost symmetrical and is constructed of face brickwork, stone, moulded brick detailing, roughcast render, and timber battened fibre cement panel infill. Other features include a stone arched entry porch, ground floor open verandah with curved brick balustrade, timber posts, frieze and brackets. The first floor balcony has been enclosed with timber multi paned windows and timber battened fibre cement panelling.

The property has been subdivided and is currently used as a boarding house.

There is a concrete strip driveway on the western side and a strip of lawn in the middle with shrubs on the eastern side.

Modifications
Enclosed first floor balcony. There is a later separate garage building located on the western side boundary and a single storey rear addition.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in 1799 and William Faithful in 1808. In 1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in 1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in 1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in 1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to the 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By 1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

The property appears to have been subdivided in 1947.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed between 1890-1910. A later subdivision occurred in 1949.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storey c. 1890- 1910 large house designed in the Federation Anglo- Dutch style. The building retains most of its original form, character and detailing including cement panelling.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is an excellent representative example of a two storey Federation Anglo-Dutch style house that was constructed in the 1890’s.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] Architectural details and decorative elements which have been damaged or lost should be repaired and/or reinstated (based on sound evidence/research). [f] Restoration of the front first floor balcony to its original form is encouraged.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i1309 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19863.52Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250289


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