Federation House [Item 012] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Federation House [Item 012]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 012]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 15 Brooklyn Street, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
15 Brooklyn StreetBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 15 Brooklyn Street, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storeyed c. 1890’s house designed in the Federation Queen Anne style. The building significantly retains its overall scale, form and character including a two storeyed verandah supported on turned timber posts with timber valence and balustrade, decorative gable supports, coloured glass, window awnings, tessellated floor tiles and contrasting brick voussoirs and string courses. The building, including the front garden makes a positive contribution to the Brooklyn Street streetscape.
Date significance updated: 10 Jul 18
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Two storey c.1890’s Federation Queen Anne house with terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof with chimneys. The front and side facades are asymmetrical and constructed of face brickwork. Features include a two storeyed verandah supported on turned timber posts with timber valence and balustrade, decorative gable supports, coloured glass, window awnings, tessellated floor tiles and contrasting brick voussoirs and string courses. A single storey entry porch has a screen door with a decorative timber frieze and brackets above.

There is a concrete driveway at the side and a large mature garden with a jacaranda, Italian cypress and silky oak.

Modifications
Bbars on the window, an aluminium security screen door and a low rendered brick fence.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in 1799 and William Faithful in 1808. In 1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in 1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in 1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in 1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to the 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By 1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

In Australia the Federation Arts and Crafts architecture exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are domestic in scale and use traditional vernacular motifs to achieve informality of planning, massing, fenestration and landscaping.

The property appears to have been subdivided in 1939.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in the 1890’s
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storey c. 1890’s house designed in the Federation Queen Anne style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a two storeyed verandah supported on turned timber posts with timber valence and balustrade, decorative gable supports, coloured glass, window awnings, tessellated floor tiles and contrasting brick voussoirs and string courses.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a very good representative example of a two storey Federation Queen Anne style house that was constructed in the 1890’s.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [b] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [c] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [d] Architectural details and decorative elements which have been damaged or lost should be repaired and/or reinstated (based on sound evidence/research).

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i1209 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19863.56Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250293


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