Federation House [Item 144] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House [Item 144]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 144]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 25 Croydon Avenue, Croydon, NSW 2132
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
25 Croydon AvenueCroydonBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 25 Croydon Avenue, Croydon has historic and aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storeyed c. 1900 – 1910 Federation Bungalow. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a symmetrical front facade, steep pitched slate tiled hipped roof with small dormers with shingled gable ends and vents and terracotta tiled ridge cresting with decorative chimneys with terracotta pots, face brickwork, twin bays with a sandstone base and casement windows with small coloured glass panels and highlights. Other details include an open front tessellated tile verandah supported on cast iron columns, brackets and frieze and timber panelled entry door with leadlight sidelight and fanlight. The building makes a positive contribution to the streetscape.
Date significance updated: 18 Jun 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: A single storey c.1900 -1910 Federation Bungalow with steep pitched slate tiled hipped roof with small dormers with shingled gable ends and vents and terracotta tiled ridge cresting with decorative chimneys with terracotta pots. The front facade is symmetrical, constructed of face brickwork and features twin bays with a sandstone base and casement windows with small coloured glass panels and highlights. Other details include an open front tessellated tile verandah supported on cast iron columns, brackets and frieze and timber panelled entry door with leadlight sidelight and fanlight.

There is a front tessellated tile path and driveway on the southern side of the property. A low timber picket fence is on the street boundary. There is a small sized front garden with trees and plants.

Modifications
Front fence replaced.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Croydon area were to Sarah Nelson (1794), James Brackenrig (1794), Thomas Rowley (1799) and Dennis Connor (1796).

The Parramatta Road began as a track linking Sydney to Parramatta. In c.1814, a stagecoach began to run along the road, leading to the emergence of staging posts and inns in the 1820’s. The construction of Liverpool Road in c.1812 opened up land between these major thorough-fares.

Several large villas were built in the northern part of Croydon during the 1860’s including Henry Webb's 'Cicada', Captain Henry Fox’s ‘Evandale’ and Anthony Hordern’s ‘Shubra Hall’. Croydon Station (then named Five Dock) was opened in c.1875 and a village established around it. The area became a semi-rural retreat for business people, and it prompted many landholders to subdivide their estates into smaller allotments.

A model garden suburb was developed from c.1909, known as the Malvern Hill Estate. Subdivision of the Cintra Estate led to the construction of a unique collection of 20 concrete houses from c.1913. By the early 1920s there was a fair amount of land for sale and prices were high, especially in the Malvern Hill area. Small pockets of land were occasionally released, mostly from the demolition of villas and the subdivision of their grounds.

Many of the houses in Croydon were supplied with bricks from three large brick pits in the area. The brick pit located on Webb Street ran between c.1879 and 1930, with brickworks at Queen Street (near Lang Street) operating from about 1873 to 1920. The Burwood Brickworks opened in c.1913 in Cheltenham Road, operating into the 1970s, with its closure marking the end of brick making in Croydon.

In Australia the Federation style exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are generally domestic in scale and are picturesque. Characteristics include, dominant roof forms with barge boarded gables, face brickwork, detailed verandahs on more than one side, bay windows, tall chimneys, dormers and conical towers.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Railway Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building is of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c. 1900 – 1910.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storey c. 1900 – 1910 Federation Bungalow. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a symmetrical front facade, steep pitched slate tiled hipped roof with small dormers with shingled gable ends and vents and terracotta tiled ridge cresting with decorative chimneys with terracotta pots, face brickwork, twin bays with a sandstone base and casement windows with small coloured glass panels and highlights. Other details include an open front tessellated tile verandah supported on cast iron columns, brackets and frieze and timber panelled entry door with leadlight sidelight and fanlight.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is an excellent representative example of a single storey Federation Bungalow that was constructed in the early c. 1900 – 1910.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i14409 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19863.70Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250307


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