Federation House and Garden [Item 130] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Federation House and Garden [Item 130]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House and Garden [Item 130]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 10 Arthur Street, Croydon, NSW 2132
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
10 Arthur StreetCroydonBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 10 Arthur Street, Croydon has historic and aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storeyed c1900s -1910 Federation Arts and Crafts style house. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a steep pitched terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof has terracotta ridge cresting with decorative brick chimneys with terracotta pots, asymmetrical façade, face brickwork, roughcast rendered brickwork, timber framed casement windows with large rendered sill and hood over, detailed joinery including decorative arched valence, brackets, boarding, bargeboard and finial, verandah supported on turned timber posts on a timber base with a decorative timber balustrade. The timber and glass panelled entry doors have sidelights and fanlights. The building makes a positive contribution to the corner streetscape.
Date significance updated: 04 Jun 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Single storey c1900s -1910 Federation Arts and Crafts style house located on the corner of Croydon Avenue. The steep pitched terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof has terracotta ridge cresting with decorative brick chimneys with terracotta pots. The front facade is asymmetrical and constructed of face brickwork and roughcast rendered brickwork. The main gable end has roughcast rendering with timber battens and a group of timber framed casement windows with large rendered sill and hood over. It features a smaller front gable end with detailed joinery including decorative arched valence, brackets, boarding, bargeboard and finial. A small verandah is supported on turned timber posts on a timber base with a decorative timber balustrade. The timber and glass panelled entry doors has sidelights and fanlights.

There is a concrete front path with a low brick fence with brick piers and a wrought iron gate on the Arthur street boundary. There is a small front garden with lawn, hedges, trees and plants.

Modifications
Security grilles on windows facing Croydon Avenue. Rear extension with driveway and garage.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Croydon area were to Sarah Nelson (1794), James Brackenrig (1794), Thomas Rowley (1799) and Dennis Connor (1796).

The Parramatta Road began as a track linking Sydney to Parramatta. In c.1814, a stagecoach began to run along the road, leading to the emergence of staging posts and inns in the 1820’s. The construction of Liverpool Road in c.1812 opened up land between these major thorough-fares.

Several large villas were built in the northern part of Croydon during the 1860’s including Henry Webb's 'Cicada', Captain Henry Fox’s ‘Evandale’ and Anthony Hordern’s ‘Shubra Hall’. Croydon Station (then named Five Dock) was opened in c.1875 and a village established around it. The area became a semi-rural retreat for business people, and it prompted many landholders to subdivide their estates into smaller allotments.

A model garden suburb was developed from c.1909, known as the Malvern Hill Estate. Subdivision of the Cintra Estate led to the construction of a unique collection of 20 concrete houses from c.1913. By the early 1920s there was a fair amount of land for sale and prices were high, especially in the Malvern Hill area. Small pockets of land were occasionally released, mostly from the demolition of villas and the subdivision of their grounds.

Many of the houses in Croydon were supplied with bricks from three large brick pits in the area. The brick pit located on Webb Street ran between c.1879 and c.1930, with another brickworks at Queen Street (near Lang Street) operating from about c.1873 to c.1920. The Burwood Brickworks opened in c.1913 in Cheltenham Road, operating into the 1970s, with its closure marking the end of brick making in Croydon.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building is of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c1900s -1910.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storey c1900s -1910 Federation Arts and Crafts style House. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including a steep pitched terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof has terracotta ridge cresting with decorative brick chimneys with terracotta pots, asymmetrical façade, face brickwork, roughcast rendered brickwork, timber framed casement windows with large rendered sill and hood over, detailed joinery including decorative arched valence, brackets, boarding, bargeboard and finial, verandah supported on turned timber posts on a timber base with a decorative timber balustrade. The timber and glass panelled entry doors has sidelights and fanlights.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is an excellent representative example of a single storey Federation Arts and Crafts style house constructed in c1900s -1910.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] The garden setting should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House and Garden001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i13009 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19863.73Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250310


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