Federation House [Item 175] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House [Item 175]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 175]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 97 Greenhills Street, Croydon Park, NSW 2133
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
97 Greenhills StreetCroydon ParkBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

97 Greenhills Street, Croydon Park has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storeyed c.1890s – 1910 house designed in the Federation style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof, asymmetrical facade constructed of face brickwork with contrasting brick voussoirs and bands. Features include a two storeyed verandah supported on piers with corbelled bricks, timber balustrades and tessellated floor tiles. Other details include decorative mouldings and gable ends, timber frame double hung windows with multi-panelled coloured glass in the top panes, a timber and leadlight panelled front door, sidelights and fanlight. The building, including the front garden makes a positive contribution to the Greenhills Street streetscape.
Date significance updated: 18 Jun 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Two storey c.1890s – 1910 Federation house with terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof with terracotta ridge capping and decorative brick chimneys. The front facade is asymmetrical and constructed of face brickwork with contrasting brick voussoirs and bands. Features include a two storeyed verandah supported on piers with corbelled bricks, timber balustrades and tessellated floor tiles. Other details include decorative mouldings and gable ends, timber frame double hung windows with multi-panelled coloured glass in the top panes, a timber and leadlight panelled front door, sidelights and fanlight.

There is a concrete driveway on the southern boundary and a medium sized front cottage garden containing some surviving features including Prunus amygdalis (flowering almond), Washington filifera (palms) and Plumeria (frangipani). There is a low picket fence on the street boundary.

Modifications
A small carport has been added on the north side. Front fence has been replaced.

History

Historical notes: Land granted to William Faithful in c.1808 covers what is now Enfield and much of Croydon Park. The land was later owned by Simeon Lord, one of Sydney's wealthiest merchants, and in c.1824, by W.H. Moore, who cleared much of the heavily timbered area for farming.

The earliest commercial activity in the area was the lumber trade. Thomas Hyndes, a prosperous merchant, had timber getters and millers working the land of the Cooks River valley as early as c.1809. By the mid 1840’s, wood cutters, gardeners, innkeepers, storekeepers and blacksmiths were forming the nucleus of the Enfield village. Hyndes financed the building of a schoolhouse and St Thomas’ Church, opening in 1847 and 1848 respectively.

The Cooks River valley remained a rural district in c.1890’s with two vineyards, various market gardens and nurseries, and a poultry farm. The Enfield district featured numerous brick yards and a stream brick factory. Rupert Cook’s Brickworks operated on land alongside Mitchell Street, now part of Henley Park. The Enfield Tramway is important in the area’s history and development, established in c.1891 as a steam operation, but electrified and expanded in c.1912.

By the 1920s the area was predominately working class with construction of modest cottages on small allotments by speculative builders. During the 1930’s depression, the government made funds available for improvements to the Municipality, including the construction of the Enfield Olympic Pool, which opened in c.1933.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c.1890s – 1910.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storey c.1890s – 1910 house designed in the Federation style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof, asymmetrical facade constructed of face brickwork with contrasting brick voussoirs and bands. Features include a two storeyed verandah supported on piers with corbelled bricks, timber balustrades and tessellated floor tiles. Other details include decorative mouldings and gable ends, timber frame double hung windows with multi-panelled coloured glass in the top panes, a timber and leadlight panelled front door, sidelights and fanlight.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a very good representative example of a two storey Federation style house that was constructed in c.1890s – 1910.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [b] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [c] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [d] Architectural details and decorative elements which have been damaged or lost should be repaired and/or reinstated (based on sound evidence/research). [e] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc. [f] The garden setting of the front yard and side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i17509 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19863.77Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250314


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