House - interwar | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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House - interwar

Item details

Name of item: House - interwar
Other name/s: Residence; C1920; very good additions
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 2 Curacoa Street, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450
Local govt. area: Coffs Harbour
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
2 Curacoa StreetCoffs HarbourCoffs Harbour   Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Of high local significance as an early surviving, substantially intact domestic residence from the interwar period and displaying typical design features. This house demonstrates the history and development of Coffs Harbour during the second major phase of permanent settlement (1920s – 1940s) and belongs to an important group of early buildings that continue the local tradition of hardwood construction and display the building skills and craftsmanship of the time.

2 Curacoa Street is of historical significance as a rare and intact example of a Federation bungalow in the Coffs Harbour area, and demonstrates the early development of Coffs Harbour and the predominate use of local timber for public and private buildings. Later additions form part of the building’s significance in being a rare local attempt to marry additions with the architectural from and details of the original building.
Date significance updated: 19 Jun 13
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1920-
Physical description: 2 Curacoa Street is a Federation bungalow built in c1920.

Corrugated iron roof. Timber frame and timber weatherboard cladding. Timber pier supports. Face brick verandah posts and subfloor course. Brick chimney. New Federation-style carport and rear extensions.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Very good.
Date condition updated:26 Jul 13
Modifications and dates: Skilful and sensitive additions have been made which respect the architectural details of the original cottage. These additions enhance the building and form part of its significance.
Further information: The recent carport impacts adversely on visual interpretation of the original structure.
Current use: Residence

History

Historical notes: The inter-war period in the history of Coffs Harbour was marked by steady urbanisation and consolidation, helped by the completion of several major infrastructure projects: the North Coast Railway, the Glenreagh-Dorrigo branch line, the two harbour breakwalls, the building of the Pacific Highway and the introduction of electricity.

This period (1919-1945) was the second major building phase in the growth and development of Coffs Harbour. Development remained generally small-scale: individual private homes, small community facilities and modest government buildings. The majority of all buildings were single or two-storey and simple in construction (timber framed, iron roof, etc). Development tended to be scattered and piecemeal, and early photographs show large subdivided areas of Coffs, Sawtell and Woolgoolga with few houses and many plots of vacant land.

The surviving buildings from this inter-war period are potentially of high local heritage significance as the population, while it was growing, was still relatively small so there were correspondingly few buildings and many have not survived. A large number of buildings from this period have been relocated or demolished to make way for later, larger, developments.

The typical house built in Coffs Harbour changed during this time. Before WWI, practically every building was timber. This dominance was challenged, however, with the establishment of brickworks at Coffs, Grafton and Kempsey, the economic decline of the timber industry, and the rise of the new wonder material, fibro.

After WWI, Coffs Harbour followed the changed fashions in domestic architecture and embraced new building materials. Houses of the 1920s and 1930s became asymmetrical, acquired more complex roof forms with gables and dormers, windows changed from sashes to casements, verandahs were often enclosed to create sleepouts and there was an overall increase in the decorative detail and design sophistication.

The increasing use of bricks and especially fibro is evident. Bricks were available but were expensive. They were used sparingly for piers, footings, chimneys, shop facades and, in a few cases for large-scale building works. Very few wholly brick buildings were constructed in Coffs Harbour at this time.

One of the most obvious changes was the use of fibro in conjunction with weatherboards, creating the very recognisable pattern of weatherboarding to the sill height with fibro sheeting above. Fibro had been available in Australia since around 1910, but according to Neil Yeates, was not used in the Coffs Harbour area until 1923.

Many private houses, following the current architectural fashions, employed a combination of timber weatherboarding and fibro.

History of 2 Curacoa Street
2 Curacoa Street is located on land that was part of McLean's subdivision which occurred from 8 May 1909. Further along McLean Street was swamp land, later drained by Williams. The original cottage has been extended to the rear and a carport has been added at the front of the building.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Of high local significance as an early surviving, substantially intact domestic residence from the interwar period. This house demonstrates the history and development of Coffs Harbour during the second major phase of permanent settlement (1920s – 1940s) and belongs to an important group of early buildings that continue the local tradition of hardwood construction and display the building skills and craftsmanship of the time.

2 Curacoa Street is rare and of high local significance as an intact and very good example of a Federation bungalow.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Of local significance as a surviving interwar domestic residence and displaying many typical design features (predominantly single storey, timber framed, weatherboard and fibro cladding, a preference for asymmetry, either casement or sash windows, decorative timber detailing, increasingly complex roof forms with hips and gable ends, corrugated iron roof sheeting, increased use of bricks for piers, chimneys etc).

2 Curacoa Street is rare and of high local significance as a rare local example of an attempt to marry additions with the architectural from and details of the original building. For this reason, it is distinctive aesthetically and has local aesthetic significance.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Of local significance having potential to reveal information about skills and construction techniques from the period it was built (interwar period), especially as they relate to domestic housing.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Increasingly rare within the Coffs Harbour local government area and of high local significance.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
A good representative example of an interwar domestic house within the Coffs Harbour local government area and of local significance.
Integrity/Intactness: High
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I1327 Sep 13   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
CRA Project NA 29/EH Thematic Forest History  Bickford, Anne and Brayshaw, Helen  Yes
Coffs Harbour Heritage Study2013 Robin Hedditch  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenMrs Lou Woods1998 
WrittenNeil Yeates1990History of Coffs Harbour Vols 1 and 2

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1360260


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