Melbury- House Adjoining | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Melbury- House Adjoining

Item details

Name of item: Melbury- House Adjoining
Other name/s: Residence
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Location: Lat: 645339 Long:
Primary address: 2220 Salisbury Road, Salisbury, NSW 2420
Local govt. area: Dungog
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
2220 Salisbury RoadSalisburyDungog  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The property known as Melbury is a record of the early selection of land for farming and occupation by William Edwards in 1852. Albert Edwards who died in 1959, the grandson of William lived in the house adjoining Melbury. The house has been in continuous occupation by the Edwards family and their descendants including during and after WWII. In recent years it has been unocuppied.

The house is a representative example of the early Federation style in its asymmetrical design with projecting gable and details including turned timber valance to the verandah and brackets and turned timber finial and timber brackets on the projecting gable. Other significant elements include the well to the south of the house.The house has been altered with additions and this has diminished its significance to an extent, though the original form and style of the house is still evident.
Date significance updated: 24 Apr 13
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: The house is an early Federation Style building asymmetrically designed with two projecting gables. The larger gable with a bay window and metal hoods and addition to the house was added in the 1930s. The bay window is described in the family history booklet as containing stained glass windows and these are currently blocked with sheets of galvanised steel. It is a timber framed construction with lapped timber cladding, galvanised iron roof and bullnose verandah. The windows that are visible (some have been boarded up) are double hung with one pane per sash. The doors are panelled with glazed upper panels. Other details include a turned timber valance to the verandah and brackets with stop chamfered posts. The projecting gable is decorated with turned timber finial and timber brackets. Internal linings of Australian cedar boards and the floor is Macquarie birch and tallow wood.

The house was altered in the 1930 with a new gable and additional bay. A well is located to the south of the house. A dilapidated dairy is located to the west of the house which is a recent masonry building.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Dilapidated state with footings and/or foundations showing signs of instability. Timber deteriorating and requires painting. Windows unglazed and house exposed to weather and pest ingress.

Extant well in rear garden area.
Date condition updated:18 Apr 13
Modifications and dates: Extension and new bay to house built in the 1930.
Current use: Grazing
Former use: Dairy

History

Historical notes: The land on which Melbury is located was selected by William Edwards in 1852. William's father, John Edwards migrated from Wales and farmed in the Camyr Allyn area. William Edwards built a slab hut on his selection and then constructed a more substantial house that was destroyed by fire at an unknown date. These buildings were located to the north and north-west of the cemetery site across the Williams River. From 1872-1876 William lived in the existing house known as "Melbury" that is sited to the south of Salisbury Road.

William Edward's son Albert built the house adjoining Melbury in 1908 and lived in the house until his death in 1959. The African tulip tree in the garden was one of two trees planted from seed by Josephine Edwards. On the death of Josephine Edwards, Howard Rumble leased the dairy and lived at the back of the house with Austin and Marie Rumble.

Three generations of the Edwards family have lived in the house. These include Albert and his wife Josephine and daughters, Linda, Elsie (deceased 2yrs), Laura and Ethel.Owen Nicholson, Ethel's son, owns 'Melbury" and the property including the cemetery and he is the fifth generation to live on the property.Owen Nicholson moved with his family to this house adjoining Melbury when his father, George Nicholson went to fight in WWII. On his father's return the family stayed and took up residence in this house. According to Owen Nicholson there were earlier outbuildings on the property and these have been demolished. In 1953 Linda's son Kevin Smith, married Patia Barrow and with a daughter Janet and they lived in the house and ran a dairy. The house is now vacant.

The Edwards family took up this land as free selectors and both farmed the land and worked as cedar getters. Albert Edwards (Wiliam's son) would ride the horses back each week to supply transport for the timber cutters. He was also a guide for the tourists in the Barringtons. William Edwards and his wife travelled to Maitland to sell the cedar to coffin makers and to buy supplies for their workers.(John Edwards is buried in and unmarked grave in the Dungog cemetery. William is buried in the General Salisbury Cemetery located on the Melbury property across the Williams River.)

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Commercial cultivation of plants and animals-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Dairying-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Selectiion of land-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Individual landholders and families-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The property known as Melbury is a record of the early selection of land for farming and occupation by William Edwards in 1852. Albert Edwards, William's son lived in the house adjoining Melbury until his death in 1959. The house has been in continuous occupation by the Edwards' family and was occupied during and after WWII by the the Owen Nicholson and later by Kevin Smith, both of whom are third generation of the Edward's family to reside at this house and farm Melbury . In recent years it has been unocuppied.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The Melbury house and property is associated with Williams Edwards who selected the land in 1852. The house was built in 1908 by his son Albert Edwards who lived here with his family. It is also associated with Owen Nicholson and his mother Ethel Nicholson(nee Edwards) who ran the dairy during WWII and after with the return of his father, George Nicholson. Kevin Smith also third generation of the Edwards' family resided here from 1958 with his family and ran the dairy.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The house is visible from the road and is significant as an early Federation style building with simple decoration. A well is located to the south of the house.

The house has been altered with a new gable and additional bay and this has diminished its significance to an extent, though the original form and style of the house is still evident. The house is in a dilapidated state which will in the future result in the loss and deterioration of fabric and diminish the aesthetic significance of the building.

A dilapidated dairy is located to the west of the house which is a recent masonry building and is not assessed as significant.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The house is a representative example of the early Federation style in its asymmetrical design with projecting gable and its detail. These include turned timber valance to the verandah and brackets and turned timber finial and timber brackets on the projecting gable.
Integrity/Intactness: The house is currently intact though some glazing has been removed. The continued vacancy and deterioration of the building will result in the loss of fabric.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  06 Apr 90 462905
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Dungog Heritage Study1986R47Perumal, Wrathall & Murphy Pty Ltd  No
Dungog Heritage Study Review201312Carste Studio  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenNumerous members of the family including Owen Nicholson Family History of the Edwards, undated
Oral HistoryOwen Nicholson2013 

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez rez
rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1540103


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.