Kiora Homestead | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Kiora Homestead

Item details

Name of item: Kiora Homestead
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Homestead building
Primary address: 486 Araluen Road, Kiora, NSW 2537
Local govt. area: Eurobodalla
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
486 Araluen RoadKioraEurobodalla  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Historically the buildings have state significance for providing intact, surviving evidence of the earliest settlement of the South Coast in the early decades of the 19th century. Aesthetically the homestead is of a highly-unusual design for the region and is rare for its period regionally. As such it has regional aesthetic significance. The homestead had high level cultural recognition by mid 19th century and in this context had high level regional social significance in the early development of the region. It remains significant to the Hawdon family descendants and to students of South Coast history. Because of the remaining eveidence of a pre-1850 pstoral homestead of the South Coast, the buildings have the potential to reveal information about the lifestyle of affluent pastoralists of the perios and about the building skills and design of the period. They have high level regional scientific significance.
Date significance updated: 22 Nov 13
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: Victorian Gerogian - Brick with shutters and timber verandah colimns. Corrugated galvanised iron roofing. Brick Chimney. Mature avenue of chestnut trees, gravel driveway.
Date condition updated:10 Nov 10


Historical notes: Kiora is arguably the most sophisticated early house built in the region. It was built by John Hawdon in 1832-33 on land granted in 1831. John Hawdon was a wealthy English gentleman farmer and carried introductions to many influential people. All of the building material, including cedar, stone and bricks, came from the property. The homestead has a rare design, sometimes found in Tasmania, which features the main entrance on the "side" of the building. Kiora's garden includes roses, elms and chestnuts, the elms reputed grown from seeds brought from England by Hawdon. The homestead is one of the few surviving intact examples of pre-1850 Architecture in the region and thus has a strong association with the early history of the South Coast. Various alterations have been made to the buildings, including the construction of four new bedrooms in the 1980's. It took several years to build the twenty-roomed homestead which soon became a social centre for the elite. Charles Harpur and Henry Kendall were visitors as was Ralph Boldrewood ('Robbery Under Arms"). In more than 150years much has changed and now only fourteen of the original rooms remain. One of the outbuildings, probably originally a coachhouse/blacksmiths shop, has been rebuilt in the style of the period. Kiora remained in the hands of the Hawdon family until well into the second half of this century.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanEurobodalla Local Environmental Plan 2012I9820 Jul 12 No.783419
Local Environmental PlanEurobodalla Rural Local Environmental Plan 1987 26 Nov 04 1878700
Heritage study KIOR/R00101 Jan 97   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Eurobodalla Heritage Study1997KIOR/R001The EJE GroupEJE No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenNoel Warry "Kiora House, Moruya", Moruya and District Historical Society.

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1550070
File number: 88.1417.B

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