Dwelling ("Istria") | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Dwelling ("Istria")

Item details

Name of item: Dwelling ("Istria")
Other name/s: Istria
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 95 Victoria Street, Grafton, NSW 2460
Parish: Great Marlow
County: Clarence
Local govt. area: Clarence Valley


Located on the corner of Victoria and Queen Streets the curtilage encompasses the boundary of both lots on the property.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
95 Victoria StreetGraftonClarence ValleyGreat MarlowClarencePrimary Address
(south corner) Queen StreetGraftonClarence Valley  Alternate Address

Statement of significance:

Istria is the best example of the few buildings in Grafton built of stucco and light weight metal gauze on timber stud frame. This construction method is particularly suitable on soils of low bearing pressure. It is in excellent and generally original condition. Although Edwardian in plan it has clearly been built with a tropical climate in mind, and its Victorian detailing also indicates a transitional stage in architectural design. It has been recognised as of regional significance and may be of significance to the State.
Date significance updated: 30 Jun 08
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Builder/Maker: James Shea
Physical description: Walls of stucco on metal gauze with stone pattern joints, complex hipped iron roof with projecting bays to two sides and a decorative corner gable. The bullnosed verandahs have an interesting mixture of iron and lattice. Large pane double hung windows; coloured and etched glass in door surrounds. Many of the features are were designed to minimise the heat with wide verandahs and ventilated gambrelled roof.

Internal walls are timber framed with lath and plaster finish and original architraves and front skirtings intact. Original prefabricated plaster ceiling panels with decorative Edwardian relief designs in excellent condition. Plaster cornice dressings vary from room to room, featuring prefabricated 'waratah' floral patterns. Original white marble fireplace.
Excellent descrition by Jahn p233
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Well maintained
Date condition updated:11 Apr 07
Modifications and dates: Garden and front fence have been altered.
Further information: Victoria Street 95 Corner Queen Street (south Corner) A photograph of the building c1910 exists
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: Built for Cornelius Duggan in 1899. This dwelling has had many owners, several of whom have been doctors. In 1985 the owners were Drs Nigel and Rosemary Bacon.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Istria is historically significant showing changing building technologies at the turn of the century. It is associated with the Duggan Family.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Istria is an aesthetically pleasing Federation dwelling sited on a corner block. It showcases the use of lightweight walling.
SHR Criteria f)
Istria is a rare example of a stucco plastered dwelling in Grafton.
Integrity/Intactness: It has been well maintained.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Maintain property and its landscape setting.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Regional Environmental Plan  23 Dec 94   
Local Environmental PlanSchedule 1 23 Sep 88 1475033
Local Environmental Plan  10 Jun 11 2011-272 
Local Environmental Plan I12923 Dec 11 2011-701 
Within a conservation area on an LEP  10 Jun 11   
Within a conservation area on an LEP  15 Jan 88   
Within a conservation area on an LEPGrafton Heritage Conservation AreaC323 Dec 11 2011-701 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
National Trust Country Register  National Trust of Australia (NSW)  No
Grafton Community Heritage Study2004 J. Gardiner  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDepartment of Planning1992Built Heritage of the North Coast
WrittenGrafton Heritage Study1985Grafton Heritage Study - Inventory report 3.4
WrittenKelly, M ; Shields-Brown, I0National Trust of Australia (NSW)

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1640109

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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