Dwelling (group value) | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Dwelling (group value)

Item details

Name of item: Dwelling (group value)
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 28 Clarence Street, Grafton, NSW 2460
Local govt. area: Clarence Valley


The property boundary.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
28 Clarence StreetGraftonClarence Valley  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

This well maintained and restored Federation Cottage makes a contribution to Clarence street. It's history has been well documented revealing it was associated with E. Hockey who owned the Rosary at 41 Bacon Street. Walter Walker was its first owner.
Date significance updated: 15 Apr 08
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: Weatherboard workers cottage with hipped corrugated iron roof and projecting gable to the front. Bullnose over the front verandah. Typical long narrow wooden windows under the front gable. Garage to rear. Chimney intact. Mature cottage style garden with new picket fence and widows gate. This cottage makes a significant contribution to Clarence Street.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good condition
Date condition updated:07 Apr 06
Modifications and dates: 1993 renovations and additions to the rear by master builder John Melenhorst
Current use: Private Residence
Former use: Private Residence


Historical notes: The cottage was built for Walter George Walker who bought the land in 1906 from E.A. Hockey. Walker worked for Hockey in his rose garden and orchard. John Melenhorst (file notes 2005) has traced the history of ownership from Walker to Georgina Amelia Foott Spincer 1907. On the 12/1/1912 it became the property of Hortence Adams who then sold it to E. T. Barker in 1925. Drainage plans dated 1939 show the dwelling still owned by E. Barker but at that time it was tenanted by Mr Cooper. In 1939 the street address was 38 Clarence Street. The estate of RH & SM Baker then sold to John and Marion Melenhorst in 1994 who on sold it to their daughter Jacinta in 2000. When purchased by the Melenhorsts they reported it was in a poor state of repair.

The Melenhorsts subsequently renovated the cottage and extended the rear (1993) adding a new entertaining area, kitchen and family room. The old kitchen became a bathroom. The yard contains an old barn type shed.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This dwelling is historically significant showing growth in Grafton at the turn of the century. Its early history has been well documented.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This traditional weatherboard cottage with iron roof and original chimney contributes to the Clarence Street landscape.
SHR Criteria g)
It is representative of the Federation style cottage.
Integrity/Intactness: Altered sympathetically. Rear shed likely to be original.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

This well maintained and restored cottage makes a significant contribution to Clarence Street. List exterior as part of group in Clarence Street.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  10 Jun 11 2011-272 
Local Environmental Plan I52223 Dec 11 2011-701 
Within a conservation area on an LEP  10 Jun 11   
Within a conservation area on an LEPGrafton Heritage Conservation AreaC323 Dec 11 2011-701 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Grafton Community Heritage Study2004 J. Gardiner  Yes

References, internet links & images


Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1640462

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