Residence | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage



Item details

Name of item: Residence
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 22 Wharf Street, South Grafton, NSW 2460
Local govt. area: Clarence Valley


The property boundary.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
22 Wharf StreetSouth GraftonClarence Valley  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

This attractive Victorian residence has a tessellated tile front path. Paths of this type are rare in Grafton and on the north coast of NSW. Located on the bank of the Clarence river it has expansive views to Susan Island and the northern shore. Architecturally it is significant as a good example of a quality weatherboard clad home with many original external features still intact. Historically it tells of development at South Grafton in the 1890 and shows the importance of Wharf Street, once the main street of South Grafton. The site is likely to have archaeological potential being the suggested location of the Green Tree hotel 1853 -1860.
Date significance updated: 21 Jun 08
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: This is the last residence before the Bowling Club. It has a very steeply pitched corrugated iron roof with two decorative metallic vents and two chimneys. Chimney pots are intact. The residence is clad with weatherboards and has an additional room(s) under the roof. A curved mosaic tile path and steps lead to the original front door. Features include the decorative cement columns on either side of the steps, a bay window under the gable with mouldings, gable details and picket fence. It is said to display both Edwardian and Victorian architectural features. Interior not viewed.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Date condition updated:23 Nov 06
Modifications and dates: Newspaper ad DE 22/9/2000 said this house had been recently renovated. Window under the front gable may be of recent origin. verandah at rear a later addition. New iron roof 2007 replacing short sheet iron roof. The Grafton Tourist Trail 2008 suggested that the cedar staircase to the attic was removed and sold.
Further information: Reinstatement of the original painting scheme would enhance this attractive building. Jahn (1982,315 ) considers this building contributes to the townscape.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: Early history not known. However Morley (2001, p52 ) suggests that this was originally the site of the Green Tree Hotel c 1853 -1860.

Council drainage plans dated 2/10/1940 show the owner as Mr Beatson. Duncan Beatson was elected to the first South Grafton Council. He appears to have been a Stock and Station agent and was in partnership with Maurice and Johnson. He subsequently became Mayor of Grafton (1882,1893,1899). He had four sons and it is possible that it was one of these sons who owned 22 Wharf Street in 1940. However this assumption needs to be confirmed.

By 1942 it was in the ownership of Mr J. Reid of Dobie Street, Grafton. Joseph Reid owned Reids Sawmills which provided much of the timber for urban development in both North and South Grafton. Joseph Reid was also Mayor of South Grafton and later Grafton. The extended Reid family owned much property in South Grafton.

Anecdotal comments have suggested that at one time the cottage was owned by the Bailey family who ran a café in Skinner Street. The most recent Grafton Tourist Trail suggests it was also owned by Sir Earle Page.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This qaulity Federation or earlier house shows development in South Grafton c1890 -1900.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The original ownership of this property has yet to be determined but evidence suggests it was owned by a series of prominent South Grafton identities.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Externally this is a fine example of a quality residence and it makes a significant contribution to the historic fabric of Wharf Street which was once the main street in South Grafton.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The site is likely to have archaeological potential.
SHR Criteria f)
The tessilated tile path is rare in a country residence.
SHR Criteria g)
A good representative example of a quality residence.
Integrity/Intactness: Largely intact
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Also acknowledged by Jahn (1985) as contributing to the historic fabric of Grafton and part of the Grafton Historic Trail (2008)


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  10 Jun 11 2011-272 
Within a conservation area on an LEP  10 Jun 11   
Within a conservation area on an LEP  15 Jan 88   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Grafton Community Heritage Study2004 J. Gardiner  Yes

References, internet links & images


Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1640522

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