Residence | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage



Item details

Name of item: Residence
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 204 Fitzroy Street, Grafton, NSW 2460
Local govt. area: Clarence Valley


The property boundary.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
204 Fitzroy StreetGraftonClarence Valley  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

This Federation period building is architecturally significant as two storey weatherboard buildings are becoming increasingly rare not only in Grafton but on the north coast of NSW. It is representative of its type and one of several two storey buildings in Fitzroy Street. It is worthy of further historical research and can be compared with 45 Queen Street.
Date significance updated: 13 May 08
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: William Kinnear
Builder/Maker: William Kinnear
Physical description: A tall late Victorian two storey weatherboard residence with hipped short sheet iron roof and skillion roof over the front and side verandahs. Three French doors open onto the top floor verandah but on the ground floor there is only one weighted pane window and the front door. All joinery appears original. Metal sun hood cover the side windows. Several mature palm trees appear original and are included with the listing within the curtilage.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Date condition updated:28 Mar 07
Modifications and dates: Restored c1977 -1980. Some new guttering which is inconsistent with the original half rounded style.
Further information: An early photograph of this building would aid future restoration. Jahn (1982,315 ) considers this building contributes to the townscape.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: According to research in connection with Woolitji House at Maclean, it is understood that this building was designed and constructed by William Kinnear. Some notes on William Kinnear add to the understanding of the history of this building.

William Kinnear came to Australia in 1838 at the age of five along with four siblings on the sailing ship Duncan'. His father who was also called William lived until the 1850's. William Kinnear himself died in 1903 at the age of 70 after a remarkably active life on the Clarence as a builder and businessman. In 1886 he retired from business and his extensive holdings of property and industrial establishments were auctioned off in a massive auction. Kinnear was one of the most prominent builders in the 1870-1885 period in Grafton and was responsible for erecting many of the most important civic buildings of this period.
Amongst the buildings known to have been built by Kinnear are:

1875 The early Bank of NSW, corner of Prince and Victoria Streets Grafton demolished in 1962 for present Westpac bank. Magnificent building similar to CBC and an early landmark in Grafton.

C1875 Grafton Hospital original two storey block. Still standing but unrecognisable under extensive hospital alterations.

1877 National Australia Bank, formerly CBC Bank corner of Prince and Fitzroy Street Grafton. Still standing in original condition. Mansfield Bros architects.

(Shellshear & Associates, 2002)

The early history of this dwelling has not been researched but Sewer Plans dated March 1937 show that it was owned by Mr T.J. Baily of South Grafton. At that time it had a verandah to the front and western side. Council files show that by 1952 it had been converted into two flats and was owned by Mrs R.A.White. The street address at that time was 126 Fitzroy Street.

In 1977 Council received an application for Mr R. Bailey the owner, for a restoration of the dwelling. In the early 1980s it was purchased by local architect T. Shellshear and at that time seems to have been a single dwelling.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This two storey building is historically significant and is likely to be associated with a professional or businessman. It has had a varied residential history being both a single residence and flats.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This two storey residence with elegant vertical proportions is of high aesthetic significance and contributes as a landmark building to the historic precinct of Fitzroy Street.
SHR Criteria f)
Two storey weatherboard buildings of this age are becoming increasingly rare in Grafton.
SHR Criteria g)
It is representative of two storey late Victorian style residences.
Integrity/Intactness: Largely intact
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Listed on CVLEP 2011.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  10 Jun 11 2011-272 
Local Environmental PlanClarence Valley Local Environmental Plan 2011I59723 Dec 11 2011-701 
Within a conservation area on an LEP  15 Jan 88   
Within a conservation area on an LEP  10 Jun 11   
Within a conservation area on an LEPClarence Valley Local Environmental Plan 2011C323 Dec 11 2011-701 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Grafton Community Heritage Study2004 J. Gardiner  Yes

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1640539

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