Residence | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage



Item details

Name of item: Residence
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 45 Queen Street, Grafton, NSW 2460
Local govt. area: Clarence Valley


The property boundary.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
45 Queen StreetGraftonClarence Valley  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

A rare two storey Federation style weatherboard clad building. Its exterior contributes to the historic fabric of the Grafton Urban Conservation area. It sits well with an adjacent single storey Federation residence and is historically significant being associated with the Jacaranda Hotel, formerly the Willow Tree hotel.
Date significance updated: 29 Apr 08
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: Two storey weatherboard clad building with one French door to ground floor verandah and two opening onto the first floor verandah. Hipped iron roof with new bull-nosed roof over the front verandah. verandah railings likely to be new. Original front door with glass side lights. Original brick chimney. Windows to the northern side may not be original. Interior not viewed. No historically significant garden. Modern tubular fence. Set on the same building line as the adjacent cottage.

According to the owner (S.Cansdell, 2008) the interior has retained two fireplaces, tongue and groove timber ceilings, timber floor and staircase.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Renovated 2007
Date condition updated:02 Oct 07
Modifications and dates: Various modifications to the grounds with mechanical workshop at rear. 2008 restoration works being undertaken. Building now one residence.
Further information: Jahn (1982,315 ) considers this building contributes to the townscape.
Current use: Offices
Former use: Offices/residences


Historical notes: According to the present owner, Steve Cansdell (2008), this house was built by one of the owners of the Willow Tree (now Jacaranda) Hotel. Council files confirm that in 1929 the property containing the house was part of Allotment 4 of Section 34 and that it was owned by Mrs Mary Jane Cook who was an owner of the Willow Tree Hotel. It would appear that this block, with house, was excised from the larger block containing the Hotel, however the exact date the house was built is unknown.

In 1936 Land Title files show that the block was in the hands of George Cook, James Mackie and Richard Ainsworth. Drainage plans dated 1936 show it tenanted by J. Huggart and at that time the street address was 55 Queen Street. Following the death of James Mackie the land became the property of George Cook and Richard Ainsworth and remained in their hands until 1939 when it was transferred to Mrs P. A. Davey. In 1975 when owned by Mrs R.J.Payne the building was classified as having two ground floor flats and 1 first floor flat.

Further changes to the property occurred in 1988 when a Development Application was granted to erect a shop and workshop around the existing two storey building and in 1996 the use of the building changed from residential to commercial. The commercial activity was a sign writing business. The building is currently owned by the local member Stephen Cansdell.

Further research is warranted on the relationship between this dwelling and the adjacent Hotel.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This building is historically significant being associated with the former Willow Treee Hotel and demonstrating development in Grafton c1900.
SHR Criteria f)
It is also significant as a rare two storey federation weatherboard building. Its exterior contributes to the historic fabric of Grafton
Integrity/Intactness: Largely intact
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

List the exterior only


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  10 Jun 11 2011-272 
Within a conservation area on an LEP  15 Jan 88   
Within a conservation area on an LEP  10 Jun 11   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Grafton Community Heritage Study2004 J. Gardiner  Yes

References, internet links & images


Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1640640

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.