Dwelling | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage



Item details

Name of item: Dwelling
Other name/s: Kinnear
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 214 Fry Street, Grafton, NSW 2460
Local govt. area: Clarence Valley


The property boundary.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
214 Fry StreetGraftonClarence Valley  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Architecturally this is a good example of a Federation era brick dwelling and makes a significant contribution to this section of Fry street with its tall chimney and projecting gable with semi circular windows and vermiculated ashlar decoration. In a city where the dominant building material until the 1950s was weatherboards, this style of dwelling is rare.
Date significance updated: 22 Oct 15
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Builder/Maker: Mr J. Bender
Physical description: Rendered brick cottage with steeply pitched hipped roof with bull-nosed front verandah. Front projecting gable features a pair of narrow windows topped with semi circular arches. Beneath the front gable has been decorated with battens showing the rising sun motif and vermiculated ashlar. The house has retained its tall brick chimney and some original joinery. Front door features a fan light. Metal sun hoods over side windows. New corrugated iron roof and new brick fence. verandah posts are timber with drip moulds.

Interior. Not viewed but believed to contain 12 ft ceilings clad with Wunderlick sheeting.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Excellent condition
Date condition updated:06 Jan 80
Modifications and dates: Restored with new roof and extensions to the rear 1996.
New fence brick fence 2002
New colourbond shed at rear 2005
Application for additions 2006.
Further information: It can be compared with 62 Queen Street and 131 Mary Street.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: The early history of his building is unknown but according to N. Child (2007) it was built by Mr Bender, a prominent local builder. It can be compared with 62 Queen Street another Bender residence. It was named Kinnear after the original landholder.

Sewage diagrams dated 4/6/1936 show that it belonged to the estate of J.Herd.

In 1984 it was bought by Tonie and Doug Ensbey who have renovated the house and in 1996 made a building application to add to the rear. Further additions were proposed in 2006.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This quality rendered brick dwelling tells of development in Grafton at the turn of the century.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Architectually this is a good example of its type and it makes a significant contribution to this section of Fry street with its tall chimney and projecting gable with semi circular windows and vermiculated ashlar decoration.
SHR Criteria f)
In a city were the dominant building material until the 1950s was weatherboards this style of dwelling is rare.
Integrity/Intactness: Largely intact
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Listed on CVLEP 2011


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  10 Jun 11 2011-272 
Local Environmental PlanClarence Valley Local Environmental Plan 2011I61223 Dec 11 2011-701 
Within a conservation area on an LEP  10 Jun 11   
Within a conservation area on an LEPClarence Valley Local Environmental Plan 2011C323 Dec 11 2011-701 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Grafton Community Heritage Study2004 J. Gardiner  Yes

References, internet links & images


Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1640750

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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