Dwelling (group value) | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Dwelling (group value)

Item details

Name of item: Dwelling (group value)
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Cottage
Primary address: 21 Bowtell Avenue, Grafton, NSW 2460
Local govt. area: Clarence Valley


The property boundary.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
21 Bowtell AvenueGraftonClarence Valley  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

This Federation residence (or earlier) is one of several dwellings which contributes to the appearance of the historic Bowtell Avenue streetscape; a landscape characterised by dwellings located at the rear of the block with large expanses of lawn or garden to the street. Dwellings range in age from the 1900 to the inter-war period.
Date significance updated: 31 May 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: Single storey weatherboard cottage with verandahs on three sides and steeply pitched iron roof. A skillion roof extends over the verandahs which are supported by timber posts with lattice for privacy. Beneath the verandah board is an attractive scalloped edging, but this is not likely to be original. Timber cladding to the front wall appears to be indented to look like stonework. Window joinery may not be original but front door has retained its fan light. No historically significant garden. Carport to the side. Weldmesh fence to the front.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Well Maintained.
Date condition updated:31 May 10
Modifications and dates: 2011 - new guttering

Re-roofed, modern guttering, evidence of restoration work.

The owners advised that the scalloped decorative edging was added in period character to match dwelling age but is not original.The car port roof has been replaced with a pitched roof which is more sympathetic to the dwelling.

The interior was lined with fibro and when this was removed, it revealed wide rough sawn boards and in some places lined with hessian wallpaper. This has been re lined with T and G sheeting boards, picture rails, and skirting boards. Samples of the hessian wall paper have been retained and can be viewed from the manhole.
Current use: Private Residence
Former use: Private Residence


Historical notes: In 1937 Bowtell Street was known as Little Mary Street. The early history of this cottage is not known.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This residence tells of subdivison and development in Bowtell Avenue at the turn of the century.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This residence is one of several which contributes to the appearance of the historic Bowtell streetscape a landscape characterised by dwellings located at the rear of the block with large expanses of lawn or garden to the street. Dwellings range in age from the 1900 to the inter-war period.
SHR Criteria g)
A typical example of weatherboard residence with verandahs to the front and sides.
Integrity/Intactness: Largely intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Bowtell Avenue is a particularly attractive streetscape with a variety of housing styles dating from the 1890s to the inter-war period. All are located away from Alumny creek, with large lawns extending to the roadway.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  10 Jun 11 2011-272 
Local Environmental Plan I50423 Dec 11 2011-701 
Within a conservation area on an LEP  10 Jun 11   
Within a conservation area on an LEPGrafton Heritage Conservation AreaC323 Dec 11 2011-701 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Grafton Community Heritage Study2004 J. Gardiner  Yes

References, internet links & images


Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1640812

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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