Residence | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage



Item details

Name of item: Residence
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 31 Spring Street, South Grafton, NSW 2460
Local govt. area: Clarence Valley


The property boundary.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
31 Spring StreetSouth GraftonClarence Valley  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

This large quality weatherboard clad Federation dwelling is historically significant showing development in South Grafton c1910. It is likely to be significant for its former use as a Private Nursing Hospital but further research is warranted on its early history. It, with a variety of other Victorian cottages, contributes to the historic Spring Street landscape.
Date significance updated: 26 May 08
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: A large Federation residence clad with weatherboards with an unusual second story which runs perpendicular to the main roof. The gable of the second story fronts the street and has a small window. The front verandah is now enclosed. The roof gabled is clad with "imitation tiles". Now on brick stumps. Interior not viewed in this study.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Date condition updated:24 May 08
Modifications and dates: Renovated. New roof and modern guttering. Enclosure of front verandah.
Further information: 1910c photograph shows this dwelling with bullnosed verandah to the front and corrugated iron roof. It is separated from the street by a picket fence. Verandah decoration can be seen in this image (see image 3).
Current use: Residence
Former use: Private Hospital


Historical notes: Notes associated with a photograph dated 1910 indicate that this residence was a private hospital. At that time is had an open bullnosed verandah to the front and an unusual second addition with small window to the street. This is still a feature of the house. The caption on the photograph stated it was Mrs Parks funeral. Further research is warranted on the early history of this building. Sewer plans dated 5/2/1945 show the property was owned by Miss H. Kennedy and that the street address was 15 Spring Street. At this time it seems to be operating as a residence.

During the Heritage Study it was mentioned that the Fairbanks Nursing Home operated in Spring Street. This may be the name of the private hospital shown above.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Health-Activities associated with preparing and providing medical assistance and/or promoting or maintaining the well being of humans (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This dwelling is historically significant showing development in South Grafton c1910.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
It is likely to be significant for its former use as a Private Nursing Hospital.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This is one of a number of buildings who form and scale, setback, and use of traditional materials contributes to the fabric of historic Spring Street.
SHR Criteria f)
The form of the second story addition was rare.
SHR Criteria g)
The dwelling itself was representative of its type.
Integrity/Intactness: Modified but form and scale intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

This property is worthy of further research. The exterior should be conserved as part of a group of buildings that contribute to the Spring Street landscape.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  10 Jun 11 2011-272 
Within a conservation area on an LEP  10 Jun 11   
Within a conservation area on an LEP  15 Jan 88   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Grafton Community Heritage Study2004 J. Gardiner  Yes

References, internet links & images


Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1640916

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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