Tizzana Winery | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Tizzana Winery

Item details

Name of item: Tizzana Winery
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Farming and Grazing
Category: Vineyard/Winery
Primary address: 518 Tizzana Road, Ebenezer, NSW 2756
Parish: Wilberforce
County: Cook
Local govt. area: Hawkesbury
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
518 Tizzana RoadEbenezerHawkesburyWilberforceCookPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Tizzana Winery is of high historic significance as probably the most successful winery of the Hawkesbury district operating continuously from 1882 until 1953. It was established in 1882 by Dr Thomas Henry Fiaschi who was surgeon to the Hawkesbury Benevolent Society and Hospital in Windsor from 1879 to 1883 and then surgeon at Sydney Hospital. He is credited with pioneering Listerian surgical procedures in Australia. Fiaschi continued to operate the winery until his death in 1926.

The winery was also important in providing employment to a number of local farmers, Italians, French and Aborigines, some of who lived in huts on the property.

The winery building of Tizzana winery is an important Victorian winery utilising the slope of the site to incorporate a cellar. Surviving Victorian wineries in New South Wales are rare. Set close to Tizzana Road, it is a local landmark complemented by the vineyards opposite.
Date significance updated: 15 Nov 02
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1887-
Physical description: Tizzana Winery stands on the east side of Tizzana Road. Set into the side of a hill, it overlooks the vineyards on the west side of the road.

The winery building on the site is set on terraced slopes with sandstone retaining walls. It is a 2 1/2 storey building, including a cellar which is set into the hill on the east side and is fully exposed on the west side. It is a gabled Victorian building on a north-south axis. An attic floor is under the low-medium pitched roof.

At the south end of the building a large arched opening provides access to the cellar. Above the opening a stone is carved "TIZZANA VINEYARDS 1887". On the first floor double hung windws are finished with timber shutters. A sandstone chimney is at each end of the original building. Small windows in the gable ends light the attic floor.

The winery building has been extended at the north end.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Condition: good
Date condition updated:15 Nov 02
Current use: Winery
Former use: Winery

History

Historical notes: Dr Thomas Henry Fiaschi arrived in New South Wales from Florence in February 1876 accompanied by his bride Catherine Ann Reynolds, an Irish born former nun from the Sisters of Charity. The couple travelled immeadiately to Windsor where they stayed at the Macquarie Arms Hotel. Dr Fiaschi established his practice at the hotel before moving to Thompsons Square in Windsor. Fiaschi was appointed surgeon to the Hawkesbury Benevolent Society and Hospital in Windsor in 1879. In 1883, Fiaschi's skill was called for in Sydney and he left Windsor. He is credited with pioneering Listerian surgical procedures in Australia.

A vineyard was established at Sackville in 1882 by Dr Fiaschi who named the property Tizzana. A substantial stone residence, with cellars for winemaking followed in 1887. The winery quickly established a good reputation, winning numerous awards. As well as Herimitage, Verdot, Lambruscat, White Shiraz, Riesling, Black Hambro, Cabernet and Doradella, Tizzana produced brandy. There is also evidence of the production of Chianti, Champagne style wines, Chardonnay and Aleatico.

At Tizzana, Dr Fiaschi introduced the modern wire and trellis system of planting vines.

Dr Fiaschi employed a mixed workforce including local farmers, Italian, French and Aborigines, some of whom lived in huts on the property.

Tizzana covered 80 hectares, and as well as 22 hectares of grapes, the property grew vegetables, flowers, corn, oranges, olives, apples, pears, loquats, persimmons, artichokes and figs. Prize winning poultry was also run on the property.

Dr Fiaschi continued operating the winery successfully until his death in 1926. The winery continued operating until 1953 when it was gutted by fire. The Auld family began the work of reconstructing the sandstone building in 1972. It has since been extended and 2 hectaresof vineyards have been replanted.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Tizzana Winery is of high historic significance as probably the most successful winery of the Hawkesbury district operating continuously from 1882 until 1953. It was established in 1882 by Dr Thomas Henry Fiaschi who was surgeon to the Hawkesbury Benevolent Society and Hospital in Windsor from 1879 to 1883 and then surgeon at Sydney Hospital. He is credited with pioneering Listerian surgical procedures in Australia. Fiaschi continued to operate the winery until his death in 1926.

The winery was also important in providing employment to a number of local farmers, Italians, French and Aborigines, some of who lived in huts on the property.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The winery building of Tizzana winery is an important Victorian winery utilising the slope of the site to incorporate a cellar. Set close to Tizzana Road, it is a local landmark complemented by the vineyards opposite.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Surviving wineries from the Victorian period are rare in Australia. Although much of the building was destroyed by fire in 1957, the building has been reconstructed to restore its original character.
Integrity/Intactness: Fair
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanHawkesbury Local Environmental Plan 2012I37521 Sep 12   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Hawkesbury Heritage Review2001375Hubert Architects, Heritage Futures and Terry Kass in AssociationPH Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenBarkley, Jan & Nichols, Michelle1994Hawkesbury 1794-1994

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1740165


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