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House and Garden

Item details

Name of item: House and Garden
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 43 Arthur Street, Carlton, NSW 2218
Local govt. area: Kogarah
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
43 Arthur StreetCarltonKogarah  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

43 Arthur Street, Carlton is significant at a Local level for its aesthetic qualities, contribution to the streetscape, and historic value. 43 Arthur Street is an early twentieth century single-storey tuck-pointed brick and terracotta tile dwelling with original brick boundary fence located on a corner site displaying high quality Federation Bungalow stylistic influence. The place is substantially intact with original L-shaped timber verandah, tri-partite timber double-hung windows and banded brickwork contributing to its overall aesthetic value. Together with No 45 Arthur Street opposite, this place makes a valuable contribution to the streetscape. Along with other examples in the locality, 43 Arthur Street provides very good evidence of the historical architectural evolution of residential development within the Westbourne Park Estate.
Date significance updated: 17 Jan 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1915-
Physical description: 43 Arthur Street is a Federation Bungalow style single-storey dwelling with original tiled hipped roof with non-original Marseille terracotta tiles, ashlar lined rendered chimney and exposed rafter ends to eaves. The two street facing elevations have dark red brickwork with contrasting brickwork to wall faces, openings and corners. In addition, there are projecting bays with gable ends finished in roughcast and smooth finished decorative sunrise motifs. Each projecting bay has an original tri-partite window case comprising a large double-hung window flanked by narrow side double-hung windows with bull-nosed brick sills. The ā€˜Lā€™ shaped front verandah has original timber posts bearing on a brick balustrade. Verandah steps have original tile risers and marble treads. The brick and wrought iron front boundary fence is original. There is a recent rear addition with skillion roof.
Date condition updated:16 Dec 11
Further information:
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential


Historical notes: 43 Arthur Street was built c.1915, and was a later Federation development in the Westbourne Park Estate. Early occupants included Sydney Badge (1916-1920) and W. S. Armour (1923-1933). Westbourne Park Estate was first offered for auction c.1885. It was offered again in 1892. The subdivision was designed by Fred. H. Reuss, Jnr, architect and surveyor. Advertisements described Westbourne Park as an unrivalled estate ... close to the Carlton Railway Station with large frontage to the main Kogarah Road leading to Tom Ugly's Point. The subdivision attracted private ownership rather than land speculators from an early stage. The Australasian Builders and Contractors News reported on 21 May 1887: The land and various building properties at Westbourne Park, Kogarah, have been selling at a good price. Comparatively little has been purchased by the building companies, the majority of allotments having been purchased by city people desirous of a country home (p.33).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation ā€“ does not include architectural styles ā€“ use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
43 Arthur Street provides high quality evidence of the historical architectural evolution of residential development within the Westbourne Park Estate in the early twentieth century.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The dwelling is notable for its excellent Federation Bungalow stylistic qualities and valuable contribution to the streetscape.
SHR Criteria f)
SHR Criteria g)
A very good representative example of a dwelling displaying Federation Bungalow stylistic influence in the Kogarah LGA.
Integrity/Intactness: Original fabric is substantially intact externally. Rear addition does not diminish the overall heritage values of the place.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Conserve significant fabric and corner setting.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I1525 Jan 13   
Local Environmental Plan  23 May 03   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Kogarah Heritage Study Review - Stage 11999 Musecape, John Matthias, Lisa Murray  Yes
Kogarah Heritage Study 19941994 Tropman & Tropman  No
Kogarah Heritage Study Review 20112011 Truman, Zaniol & Associates Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Other  Subdivision Plans. Westbourne Park Estate.
Written 1887Australasian Builders and Contractors News 21 May 1887
Written  Sands Directories 1885 to 1932
WrittenTropman & Tropman Architects1994Kogarah Heritage Study 1994

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1870008

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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