House and Garden, Titus | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


House and Garden, Titus

Item details

Name of item: House and Garden, Titus
Other name/s: Titus
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 45 Arthur Street, Carlton, NSW 2218
Local govt. area: Kogarah
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
45 Arthur StreetCarltonKogarah  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

45 Arthur Street, Carlton is significant at a Local level for its aesthetic qualities, contribution to the streetscape, and historic value. 43 Arthur Street is an early twentieth century single- storey brick, roughcast and tile dwelling with original brick boundary fence located on a corner site. The place displays high quality Federation Bungalow stylistic influence which includes original L-shaped timber verandah, tri-partite casement windows with original timber hoods and roughcast chimneys with brick detailing. Together with 43 Arthur Street opposite, the place makes a valuable contribution to the streetscape and provides very good evidence of the historical architectural evolution of the Westbourne Park Estate.
Date significance updated: 12 Mar 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1913-
Physical description: 45 Arthur Street is a single-storey Federation Bungalow style tuck pointed brick dwelling with original Marseilles tiled hip and gable roof. Chimneys are finished with roughcast and projecting brick capping. Street facing gables have projecting brick bays with original tripartite timber window cases, with casement sashes, fanlights and timber framed hoods. Gable ends have original roughcast finish and decorative timber battening. The ā€˜Lā€™ shaped verandah has original turned timber posts set on low brick piers. Original timber framed door case has a panelled door leaf with coloured glass. There is a late twentieth century skillion roofed rear addition. Brick boundary fence is recent. Dense vegetation in front garden obscures views of the dwelling.
Date condition updated:16 Dec 11
Further information:
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential


Historical notes: Titus was built c.1913 and was a later Federation development in the Westbourne Park Estate Subdivision. Residents of Titus included Henry Carter (1914-1923) and Daniel Guiney (1927-1933). Westbourne Park Estate was first offered for auction c.1885. It was offered again in 1892. The subdivision was designed by Fred. H. Reuss Jnr, architect and surveyor. Advertisements described Westbourne Park as an unrivalled estate ... close to the Carlton Railway Station with large frontage to the main Kogarah Road leading to Tom Ugly's Point. The subdivision attracted private ownership rather than land speculators from an early stage. The Australasian Builders and Contractors News reported on 21 May 1887: The land and various building properties at Westbourne Park, Kogarah, have been selling at a good price. Comparatively little has been purchased by the building companies, the majority of allotments having been purchased by city people desirous of a country home (p.33).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation ā€“ does not include architectural styles ā€“ use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Together with contemporary dwellings in the locality, 45 Arthur Street provides evidence of the historical evolution of residential development within the Westbourne Park Estate in the early twentieth century.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The dwelling is notable for its excellent Federation Bungalow stylistic qualities and valuable contribution to the streetscape.
SHR Criteria g)
A very good representative example of a dwelling displaying Federation Bungalow stylistic influence in the Kogarah LGA.
Integrity/Intactness: Original fabric substantially intact externally. Non-original brick boundary fence.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Remove obscuring landscaping in the front garden which impacts on the visual appreciation of the place, and its contribution to the streetscape. Conserve significant fabric and corner setting.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I1625 Jan 13   
Local Environmental Plan  23 May 03   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Kogarah Heritage Study Review - Stage 11999 Musecape, John Matthias, Lisa Murray  Yes
Kogarah Heritage Study 19941994 Tropman & Tropman  No
Kogarah Heritage Study Review 20112011 Truman, Zaniol & Associates Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1887Australasian Builders and Contractors News 21 May 1887
Written  Sands Directories 1885 to 1932
WrittenTropman & Tropman Architects1994Kogarah Heritage Study 1994

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1870020

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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