House and Garden | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


House and Garden

Item details

Name of item: House and Garden
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 22 Hillcrest Avenue, Hurstville, NSW 2220
Local govt. area: Kogarah
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
22 Hillcrest AvenueHurstvilleKogarah  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

22 Hillcrest Avenue, Hurstville is significant at a Local level for its outstanding aesthetic qualities, streetscape contribution and historic value. As evidence of the historical evolution of residential development within the Hillcrest Estate, 22 Hillcrest Avenue is an outstanding representative example of a large single-storey brick and slate early twentieth century dwelling notable for its prominent and well detailed L-shaped verandah and overall Federation Bungalow stylistic influence. There is a well-considered addition which does not diminish its aesthetic value. The place is prominently situated on a corner site, and with its original brick boundary fence and garden setting, the dwelling makes a valuable contribution to the streetscape, and is overall an exceptional example of its type in the Kogarah LGA.
Date significance updated: 06 Feb 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1918-
Physical description: A large single-storey Federation Bungalow style dwelling located on a prominent corner site with original hipped slate roof, terra cotta hip and ridge capping and chimneys finished in roughcast. Street facing elevations have red-brown coloured tuck pointed brickwork and L-shaped verandah with timber posts, shaped timber brackets and timber balustrade reflecting original detailing. The verandah roof, which is formed by a continuation of the main roof, has exposed rafter ends to the eaves. There is a large gablet located over the Hillcrest Avenue facing verandah which has original timber shingles and a decorative timber screen to the gable end. The above elevation has two original timber framed door cases with panelled French doors and an original bullseye window with lead light glass. The Mabel Street elevation has original timber framed double-hung and casement window cases with lead light glass. Brick front boundary fence is obscured by a hedge. There is a later sympathetic addition and garage facing Mabel Street.
Further information:
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential


Historical notes: No. 22 Hillcrest Avenue was built c.1918 and forms part of the Hillcrest Estate. Early occupants include Mrs H. Lang (1919), Harry Wilson (1920), Mrs Anne Maley (1923), Miss Alice Maley (1927) and C.T. Wright & W.T. Wright (1932/33). It is a Federation overlay in the Hillcrest Estate, and is representative of the suburban development in the early twentieth century, which led to the consolidation of the early subdivisions associated with the opening of the railway. The land on either side of Maher street was originally subdivided as part of the Maher Estate. James Maher lived in a cottage called 'Millmount' on Woniora Road and in 1899 his land was subdivided into 10 allotments (Sands Directory 1898; Hurstville ZSP: H10/ 110, 217). This area was later subdivided again as part of the Hillcrest Estate (Kogarah LGA Annotated Map - Original Subdivisions). The Hillcrest Estate took its name from the late Victorian house of Henry E. Crane called 'Hillcrest', which was situated on the southern side of Woniora Road (Sands Directory 1898).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Together with contemporary dwellings in the locality, 22 Hillcrest Avenue, Hurstville provides outstanding evidence of the historical evolution of residential development within the Hillcrest Estate from the early twentieth century.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The place is notable for its excellent original Federation Bungalow stylistic qualities and significant contribution to the streetscape.
SHR Criteria g)
22 Hillcrest Avenue, Hurstville is an outstanding representative example of an early twentieth-century dwelling displaying fine Federation Bungalow stylistic qualities in the Kogarah LGA.
Integrity/Intactness: Original fabric is substantially intact externally. Late twentieth century addition and garage do not diminish the setting of the place.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Conserve original fabric and setting. When the opportunity arises, implement a more historically accurate (placement) colour scheme based on paint scrapes.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  23 May 05   
Local Environmental Plan I4325 Jan 13   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Kogarah Heritage Study Review - Stage 11999 Musecape, John Matthias, Lisa Murray  Yes
Kogarah Heritage Study 19941994 Tropman & Tropman  No
Kogarah Heritage Study Review 20112011 Truman, Zaniol & Associates Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written  Sands Directories 1885 to 1932
WrittenTropman & Tropman Architects1994Kogarah Heritage Study 1994

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1870062

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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