House and Garden, Leyholme | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


House and Garden, Leyholme

Item details

Name of item: House and Garden, Leyholme
Other name/s: Leyholme
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Cottage
Primary address: 4 Maher Street, Hurstville, NSW 2220
Local govt. area: Kogarah
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
4 Maher StreetHurstvilleKogarah  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

4 Maher Street, Hurstville is significant at a Local level for its aesthetic qualities, streetscape contribution and historic value. 4 Maher Street is a highly intact single-storey brick and slate residence displaying excellent Federation Bungalow stylistic influence. As an excellent representative example of its type in the Kogarah LGA, the dwelling and its garden setting make a valuable contribution to the streetscape. 4 Maher Street provides worthy evidence of the historical evolution of the Hillcrest Estate in the early twentieth century. Although the recent boundary fence is not historically accurate, overall it does not diminish the significance of the place. A late twentieth century rear addition has been sympathetically designed to not dominate the place.
Date significance updated: 24 Feb 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1909-
Physical description: 4 Maher Street, Hurstville is a Federation Bungalow style dwelling with original hipped slate roof, gabled bay and recessed verandah to the street facing elevation. There are original terra cotta hip and ridge roof capping, and original rendered brick chimneys with projecting rendered capitals. The gabled bay and verandah have original tripartite timber framed windows with casement sashes and highlights, and projecting rendered sills, the former with an original timber framed hood. There are original turned timber posts, timber brackets and valance with turned balusters to the front verandah. To the rear of the place is a sympathetic addition. The front brick and timber paling boundary fence, although not historically accurate, compliments the streetscape contribution of the place.
Further information:
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential


Historical notes: 'Leyholme', No. 4 Maher Street, was built c.1909. Between 1909 and 1932, 'Leyholme' had two occupants: Robert J. Middleton until 1914, and then Alan Swan, 1915-1932. It is a Federation overlay in the Hillcrest Estate and is representative of the suburban development of the district in the early twentieth century. The area on either side of Maher Street was originally subdivided as part of the Maher Estate. James Maher lived in a cottage called 'Millmount' on Woniora Road and in 1899 his land was subdivided into 10 allotments (Sands Directory 1898; Hurstville ZSP: H10/ 110, 217). This area was later subdivided again as part of the Hillcrest Estate (Kogarah LGA Annotated Map - Original Subdivisions). The Hillcrest Estate took its name from the late Victorian house of Henry E. Crane called 'Hillcrest', which was situated on the southern side of Woniora Road (Sands Directory 1898).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Together with contemporary dwellings in the locality, 4 Maher Street, Hurstville provides worthy evidence of residential development within the Hillcrest Estate from the early twentieth century.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The place is notable for its excellent original Federation Bungalow stylistic qualities and significant contribution to the streetscape.
SHR Criteria g)
4 Maher Street, Hurstville is an excellent representative example of an early twentieth-century dwelling displaying fine Federation Bungalow stylistic qualities in the Kogarah LGA.
Integrity/Intactness: Original fabric is substantially intact externally. Late twentieth century rear addition does not unduly diminish the setting of the place.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Conserve original fabric and setting. When the opportunity arises, implement a more historically accurate colour scheme based on paint scrapes, to Council approval.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  23 May 03   
Local Environmental Plan I4425 Jan 13   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Kogarah Heritage Study Review - Stage 11999 Musecape, John Matthias, Lisa Murray  Yes
Kogarah Heritage Study 19941994 Tropman & Tropman  No
Kogarah Heritage Study Review 20112011 Truman, Zaniol & Associates Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written  Sands Directories 1885 to 1932
WrittenTropman & Tropman Architects1994Kogarah Heritage Study 1994

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1870080

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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