House and Garden | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


House and Garden

Item details

Name of item: House and Garden
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Primary address: 40 Park Road, Carlton, NSW 2218
Local govt. area: Kogarah
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
40 Park RoadCarltonKogarah  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

40 Park Road, Carlton is significant at a Local level for its historic value and aesthetic qualities. As evidence of the historical evolution of the Westbourne Park Estate, 40 Park Road is an early twentieth century single-storey, tuck pointed brick, sandstone and slate dwelling displaying very good Federation Bungalow stylistic influence including original contrasting coloured brickwork, roughcast gable with smooth rendered decoration, and tessellated tiled garden path. Integrity has been somewhat compromised by unsympathetic verandah infill, but still able to be conserved. Obscuring landscaping in the front garden diminishes the visual appreciation of the place and its contribution to the streetscape.
Date significance updated: 05 Mar 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: 40 Park Road is a single-storey tuck-pointed brick early twentieth century dwelling displaying Federation Bungalow stylistic influence. It has an original hipped slate roof with terracotta ridge and hip capping and roughcast finish to the chimney. Light brown coloured face brickwork has contrasting dark brown brick quoins and banding to openings and window sills. The curved front verandah has original ashlar coursed rock faced sandstone base course and balustrade with dressed timber posts and decorative brackets. The verandah has been in-filled with non-original windows and screen door. The street facing façade has an original tripartite timber casement window with original timber framed hood. The original gable end located over the casement windows is finished in roughcast with smooth raised rendered geometric decoration and borders. Tessellated tile front path is original. There is a sympathetic garage addition set-back from the front façade. A later iron palisade fence with rendered plinth is located on the street boundary. There are numerous mature trees in the front garden.
Date condition updated:06 Feb 12
Further information:
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential


Historical notes: Westbourne Park Estate was first offered for auction c.1885. It was offered again in 1892. The subdivision was designed by Fred H. Reuss, Jnr., architect and surveyor. Advertisements described Westbourne Park as an unrivalled estate ... close to the Carlton Railway Station with large frontage to the main Kogarah Road leading to Tom Ugly's Point . The subdivision attracted private ownership rather than land speculators from an early stage. The Australasian Builders and Contractors News reported on 21 May 1887, 'the land and various building properties at Westbourne Park, Kogarah, have been selling at a good price. Comparatively little has been purchased by the building companies, the majority of allotments having been purchased by city people desirous of a country home' (p.33).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Together with contemporary dwellings in the locality, 40 Park Road provides quality evidence of the evolution of residential development in the Westbourne Park Estate from the early twentieth century.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The place is notable for its very good Federation Bungalow stylistic qualities, although somewhat compromised by unsympathetic verandah infill.
SHR Criteria f)
SHR Criteria g)
Integrity/Intactness: Integrity has been somewhat compromised by unsympathetic verandah alterations, but is still able to be conserved.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

When the opportunity arises, remove non-original infill from the front verandah and prune/remove non-original trees from the front garden to enhance visual appreciation of the place and its contribution to the streetscape, to Council approval.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I2325 Jan 13   
Local Environmental Plan  23 May 03   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Kogarah Heritage Study Review - Stage 11999 Musecape, John Matthias, Lisa Murray  Yes
Kogarah Heritage Study 19941994 Tropman & Tropman  No
Kogarah Heritage Study Review 20112011 Truman, Zaniol & Associates Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written  Sands Directories 1885 to 1932
WrittenTropman & Tropman Architects1994Kogarah Heritage Study 1994

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1870088

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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