House and Garden, ‘Tokio’ | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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House and Garden, ‘Tokio’

Item details

Name of item: House and Garden, ‘Tokio’
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Other - Residential Buildings (private)
Primary address: 8 Belgrave Street, Kogarah, NSW 2217
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Kogarah
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
8 Belgrave StreetKogarahKogarahSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

A fine representative example of a Federation residential building with original architectural features intact. "Tokio" represents the later Federation development which took place in the Kogarah Township Estate. This house is also historically significant at a local level because of its association with two aldermen from Kogarah Municipal Council, W H Wicks and William Ayscough.
Date significance updated: 02 Jun 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Construction years: 1905-
Physical description: An early Federation single storey house converted to a doctor's surgery. Building has symmetric plan with gabled bays and full width verandah to front elevation. Construction is tuck-pointed brick at front with normal pointing on other walls. Rough cast iron lace frieze panels and cast iron columns to verandah roof. Verandah altered to accommodate wheelchair access. Intact front fence of stone with cast iron panels and gate posts. Carved stone gate post at southeast corner of property, possibly from an earlier building. Wrought iron pedestrian gate not original. Recent garden of native shrubs and small trees with some exotic herbaceous species.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good condition generally
Date condition updated:02 Jun 05
Modifications and dates: Disabled access ramp added to front of house. Front gate not original. Garden planting not original.
Further information: No 10 Belgrave Street is locally significant as it represents, though highly modified, a good example of a Federation residence built close to the railwya as part of the Kogarah Township Esstate Subdivision Est 1884.
Current use: Offices for health organisation
Former use: Residence/doctors surgery


Historical notes: The Federation residence of "Tokio" was built in 1905 for W. H. Wicks. He resided there until 1911. W H Wicks was a prominent resident in the Kogarah community and was an alderman of Kogarah Municipal Council 1906-08. William Ayscough took over occupancy of "Tokio" in 1913 and remained there until at least 1932/33. Williams Ayscough was a prominent resident in the Kogarah community. He ran a real estate business (Wm Ayscough and Co) on the corner of Regent Street near Railway Station. Ayscough was an alderman of Kogarah Municipal Council 1912-14. "Tokio" represents the later Federation development which took place in the Kogarah Township Estate. Kogarah Township Estate was amongst the earliest subdivisions which took place after the opening of the Illawarra Railway in 1884. The railway was the focus of the subdivision, and as the name of the Estate suggests, it was anticipated that Kogarah town and commercial centre would shift from Rocky Point Road and Kogarah Road junction to the railway station. Today Kogarah Township Estate forms the basis of the town centre. Kogarah Township Estate subdivision was first on sale 25 October 1884, just 10 days after the official opening of the double railway track to Hurstville. Prospective buyers were lured to the auction with free tickets for the train ride down to Kogarah, so that they could witness the benefits of train transport first hand. Initial take-up of the subdivision was slow, and portions of the estate were readvertised in 1886.

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The blend of cast iron and timber detailing demonstrate the transition between Late Victorian and Federation architectural styles. This house is also historically significant at a local level because of its association with two aldermen from Kogarah Municipal Councl, W H Wicks and William Ayscough.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Well-built house with quality details and materials and excellent workmanship. Makes a positive contribution to the streetscape through its design and detail
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Interior may have potential to demonstrate transitional architectural style and turn-of-the-century middle class lifestyle.
SHR Criteria f)
Uncommon style and degree of intactness for the area.
Integrity/Intactness: Very intact exterior apart from disabled access ramp and non-original front gate. Interior not inspected.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I6225 Jan 13   
Local Environmental Plan  21 Dec 07   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Kogarah Heritage Study Review - Stage 119991.46 Group 3Musecape, John Matthias, Lisa MurrayC Betteridge, J Mathias, L Murray Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1885Sands Directories
WrittenKogarah Municipal Council Papers1905Valuers Returns North and East Ward. Rate Books East Ward
WrittenTropman & Tropman Architects1994Kogarah Heritage Study

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1870150

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