House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage



Item details

Name of item: House
Other name/s: Pacific
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 16 Claremont Street, Penshurst, NSW 2222
Local govt. area: Kogarah
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
16 Claremont StreetPenshurstKogarah  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

16 Claremont Street is a relatively rare representative example within the Kogarah LGA of a modest single storey Federation Period sandstone and iron cottage. Situated on an elevated site, the place makes a positive contribution to the streetscape. The place provides evidence of the historical evolution of its locality. Integrity has been somewhat compromised by unsympathetic alterations but it is still able to be conserved and significance maintained. Together with contemporary dwellings in the locality, 16 Claremont Street, Penshurst provides evidence of residential development within the Hurstville Grove Estate in the Federation Period.
Date significance updated: 09 Feb 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1900-1900
Physical description: Situated on an elevated site, 16 Claremont Street is a modest single-storey, single fronted early twentieth century stone and iron cottage with symmetrical massing and fenestration. It has a non-original but sympathetic corrugated iron hipped roof with boxed eaves and a bull-nosed corrugated iron hipped verandah roof supported on non-original turned timber posts. Other alterations and additions to the verandah include rendering of the original sandstone dwarf wall and timber balustrade addition. The street facing façade is comprised of original ashlar coursed sandstone with rock-faced finish, original door case with non-original timber frame door leaf and fanlight, and original vertically proportioned window cases with non-original double-hung sashes. The side elevations are built of original random-coursed sandstone rubble. There is a brick-paved side driveway and late twentieth century single car garage located at the rear. Along the front boundary is an original low sandstone block fence with rock-face finish, and non-original rendered brick capping. There is a sympathetic single-storey skillion roofed rear addition.
Date condition updated:09 Feb 12
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential


Historical notes: Dr Robert Townson was granted 1605 acres on November 1, 1809, bounded by Hurstville Road, King Georges Road, Broadarrow Road and Boundary Road. In 1830, Townson's original holdings in the St George region were sold to John Connell and assumed the name Connell's Bush. After Connell's death in 1849, the 1809 grant was sold in three stages. The Hurstville Grove Grant of 40 acres previously owned by William Newton, granted in 1835 ("Hurstville Grove Grant", undated, Oatley Local History Collection). The Hurstville Grove Estate was first offered for auction on New Year's Day 1886. It was one of the speculative subdivisions in response to the opening of the Illawarra Railway in 1884, and its extension to Penshurst in 1885 (Hurstville Grove Estate) was described as "The Pride of Hurstville". Advertisements emphasised both the healthy aspect of the estate and the investment opportunity. Claremont Street was originally within Hurstville Grove Subdivision, lots for sale by auction on site in 1886 by Watkin and Watkin Auctioneers for City and Country Investment Land and Building Company, Ltd. ("Hurstville Grove the Unknown Suburb", B&B Warton). Residences appear in Claremont Street from the late 1890's, but it was not until the late 1920's that development began in earnest. Two (unnumbered) residences appear in the 1900 Sands Directories, occupied by William Worthington and Alexander Clark (Sydney Sands Directories). By 1938, 16 Claremont Street was known as 'Pacific' and owned by Alice Holsted.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Together with contemporary dwellings in the locality, 16 Claremont Street, Penshurst provides evidence of residential development within the Hurstville Grove Estate in the Federation Period.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The substantially intact sandstone and iron cottage makes a valuable contribution to the streetscape.
SHR Criteria f)
16 Claremont Street, Penshurst is a relatively rare Federation Period sandstone and iron cottage in the Kogarah LGA.
SHR Criteria g)
16 Claremont Street, Penshurst is a representative example of a substantially intact early twentieth century sandstone and iron cottage in the Kogarah LGA.
Integrity/Intactness: Integrity has been somewhat compromised by alterations to the front verandah and front boundary fence. Rear additions do not diminish the setting of the place.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

When the opportunity arises, replace verandah posts with better proportioned, historically accurate timber posts, to Council approval.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I13525 Jan 13   
Local Environmental Plan  08 Apr 05   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Kogarah Heritage Study 19941994 Tropman & Tropman  No
Review of Kogarah Heritage Study 1994 - Group 2&3 Draft Heritage Items - Stage 22001 Architectural Projects Pty Ltd  Yes
Kogarah Heritage Study Review 20112011 Truman, Zaniol & Associates Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Map  Map of Kogarah LGA - Original Subdivisions
Map  Subdivision Plans
Written 1938Kogarah Council Archives - Valuation Books
Written  Kogarah Council Archives - Building Cards
Written  Sands Directories - 1885-1933
WrittenB & B Warton Hurstville Grove the Unknown Suburb
WrittenJ.Fletcher & D.Kingston1985River, Road and Rail
WrittenTropman & Tropman Architects1994Kogarah Heritage Study

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1870204

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.