House and Garden | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


House and Garden

Item details

Name of item: House and Garden
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 3 Dudley Street, Penshurst, NSW 2222
Local govt. area: Kogarah
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
3 Dudley StreetPenshurstKogarah  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

3 Dudley Street, Penshurst is significant at a Local level for its aesthetic qualities, contribution to the streetscape and historic value. Located on a prominent elevated site, this dwelling is a representative example of an early twentieth century brick and tile dwelling which displays high quality Federation Bungalow stylistic influence. Sympathetic rear addition compliments the overall significance of the place. With its original L-shaped verandah, original tripartite window cases and hoods, tuck-pointed brickwork, elaborate gable detailing and original chimneys, the place makes a valuable contribution to the streetscape and historic building stock of Kogarah. Together with contemporary buildings in the locality, 3 Dudley Street, Penshurst provides evidence of the evolution of residential development within the Dudley Park Estate in the early twentieth century.
Date significance updated: 27 Feb 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1915-1915
Physical description: 3 Dudley Street, Penshurst is a substantially intact, single-storey, brick and tile early twentieth century Federation Bungalow style dwelling located on an elevated site. Displaying asymmetrical massing, the place has a large terra cotta tiled hip and gable roof with original rendered chimneys displaying raised mouldings. The street facing elevation is composed of a gabled bay and prominent wrap-around verandah. The main roof extends over the verandah. The verandah roof is supported by original turned timber posts set on a brick balustrade with bull-nosed brick coping. The verandah has original ornamental timber brackets and shaped valances. There are original tessellated verandah tiles and front steps with original glazed tile risers and marble treads. There is a rendered base course to the dwelling. The original timber door case comprises a timber framed high-waisted door leaf and fanlight. The front gable has an original tripartite window case with multi-paned casement sashes and fanlights which have decorative coloured glass, and a rendered sill with raised mouldings and shaped sill skirt. There is an original decorative timber framed window hood. The gable end displays original decorative timber framing and rough cast panels, and an original decorative timber screen to the upper gable. The early twenty-first century front boundary brick fence reflects the design of the original. There is an early twenty-first century rear addition which includes a garage accessed from a new coloured concrete driveway.
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential


Historical notes: Dr Robert Townson was granted 1605 acres on November 1, 1809, bounded by Hurstville Road, King Georges Road, Broadarrow Road and Boundary Road. In 1830, Townson's original holdings in the St George region were sold to John Connell and assumed the name Connell's Bush. After Connell's death in 1849, the 1809 grant was sold in three stages. Within the Dudley Park Subdivision No. 1, development in Dudley Street began after 1910. In 1916, No. 3 Dudley Street is first listed in the Sydney Sands Directories, indicating a construction date of 1915, and was first occupied by Arthur Smithson. It appears to be the fifth residence constructed in Dudley Street. Smithson was still occupant at the time of the last Sands directory in 1933, and is listed as owner of the cottage in the 1938 Valuation Books.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
3 Dudley Street, Penshurst provides evidence of the evolution of residential development within the Dudley Park Estate in the early twentieth century.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Located on a prominent elevated site, the substantially intact early twentieth century dwelling is notable for its excellent Federation Bungalow stylistic qualities, and contribution to the streetscape. Later rear addition and re-built front boundary brick fence are sympathetic with the aesthetic qualities of the place.
SHR Criteria g)
A very good representative example of an early twentieth century dwelling displaying Federation Bungalow stylistic influence in the Kogarah LGA.
Integrity/Intactness: Rear addition, driveway and re-built front boundary fence do not diminish the setting of the place.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Construct salvaged wrought iron panels between brick piers to front boundary fence.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I13625 Jan 13   
Local Environmental Plan  08 Apr 05   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Kogarah Heritage Study 19941994 Tropman & Tropman  No
Review of Kogarah Heritage Study 1994 - Group 2&3 Draft Heritage Items - Stage 22001 Architectural Projects Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Map  Map of Kogarah LGA - Original Subdivisions
Map  Subdivision Plans
Written 1938Kogarah Council Archives - Valuation Books
Written  Kogarah Council Archives - Building Cards
Written  Sands Directories - 1885-1933
WrittenJ.Fletcher & D.Kingston1985River, Road and Rail
WrittenTropman & Tropman Architects1994Kogarah Heritage Study

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1870205

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