Bridge at Parramatta Road | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Bridge at Parramatta Road

Item details

Name of item: Bridge at Parramatta Road
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Land
Category: Road Bridge
Primary address: Johnston’s Creek, Annandale, NSW 2038
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Leichhardt
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Johnston’s CreekAnnandaleLeichhardt CumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The Bridge at the junction of Parramatta Road and Johnston's Creek is of local historic, aesthetic and technological significance as a stone structure constructed to improve the use and amenity of a major thoroughfare in the local area. Despite the encroachment of adjacent development it retains original form and stone fabric below street level and remains as a visible reminder of the creek line.

Note: This inventory sheet is not intended to be a definitive study of the heritage item, therefore information may not be accurate and complete. The information should be regarded as a general guide. Further research is always recommended as part of the preparation of development proposals for heritage items.
Date significance updated: 15 Nov 11
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Barrel vaulted stone structure on stone and concrete base constructed over the Johnston Creek channel. Parramatta Road extends over the structure. A dressed stone balustrade is visible the northern side of Parramatta Road between Nos. 212-220 Parramatta Road, Camperdown, and Nos. 1-9 Parramatta Road, Annandale. The balustrade is constructed over an ashlar stone wall which faces an open passage which extends along the Creek alignment. A steel pipe and mesh fence and interpretive plaque remains on the southern side of the road.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The stone wall and structure appears to be in good and sound condition. The stone balustrade on the Parramatta Road pedestrian footpath is weathered and dressed stone surface is spalling. Some of the stone appears to be cut. A metal plate has been fixed to the eastern end and gap between the balustrade and adjacent building and has contributed to some damage on the top, eastern corner.
Date condition updated:22 Nov 12
Further information: "Johnston's Creek" has been printed on the stone balustrade.
Current use: Bridge
Former use: Bridge

History

Historical notes: A timber bridge was constructed at the junction of Johnston's Creek and road to Parramatta Road in 1805. By 1839 a toll bar was also located near the structure which appears to have remained for some time. A Sydney Water Plan dated 1889 and revised in 1892 shows a structure with tramlines crossing over the Creek alignment. In 1884 a deputation of local politicians and mayors, including John Young, lobbied to the Minister for Works regarding the widening of the bridge to allow for pedestrians and traffic, however, it would appear that nothing was done at this time. It is not clear when the existing stone structure was constructed, however, works may have been undertaken between 1894 and 1899 when Annandale Council made significant advances in the laying down of roads and establishment of parklands in the area. They also addressed long standing problems such as the maintenance of storm water channels at White's and Johnston's Creeks. The bridge is constructed over a brick and concrete channel that has been constructed along the Creek alignment.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The bridge over Johnston’s Creek remains as a reminder of the early development of Parramatta Road and the local area. The changes to the structure represent the development and importance of Parramatta Road as a major arterial thoroughfare.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The stone balustrade, wall and structure are of some local aesthetic significance incorporating dressed and rock faced elements that whilst not highly visible are an integral part of the Parramatta Road and Johnston’s Creek alignments.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The stone, brick and concrete structure have the potential to reveal information about bridge and channel construction from the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The structure remains as a representative example of a stone arch bridge.
Integrity/Intactness: High
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The stone elements, balustrade, wall and substructure should be retained and conserved. The stonework should not be painted and regularly monitored for safety reasons.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I2723 Dec 13   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Leichhardt Municipality Heritage Study1990 McDonald McPhee Pty Ltd (Craig Burton, Wendy Thorp)  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJenkins Lewis Heritage & Historical Consultants2002Leichhardt Municipality Thematic History
WrittenLeichhardt Council1921Jubilee History of Leichhardt 1871-1921
WrittenMax Solling and Peter Reynolds1997Leichhardt: On the Margins of the City
WrittenSydney Morning Herald, 17 May 18841884Bridge over Johnston's Creek Annandale

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1940029


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