Terrace | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Terrace

Item details

Name of item: Terrace
Other name/s: Ada Terrace
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Primary address: 8 Jane Street, Balmain, NSW 2041
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Leichhardt
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
8 Jane StreetBalmainLeichhardt CumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 8 Jane Street is of local historic and aesthetic significance as a good and intact Victorian Filigree style terrace constructed between 1860 and 1869. Despite some additions at the rear, the building significantly retains its original form and character including stucco facades and stone base and stucco details, roof form and chimneys and open front verandah and balcony. The building is constructed to the street frontage and with the adjacent terraces (Nos. 10-12) makes a positive contribution to the Jane Street streetscape.

Note: This inventory sheet is not intended to be a definitive study of the heritage item, therefore information may not be accurate and complete. The information should be regarded as a general guide. Further research is always recommended as part of the preparation of development proposals for heritage items.


Council's Library Service has identified photos and/or subdivision plans relating to this item which may be viewed online through the council website at http://www.leichhardt.nsw.gov.au/ Select Library & Local History to get to the Library online catalogue and keyword search "Balmain Map" and/or "Jane Street" for results.
Date significance updated: 27 Sep 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Ada Terrace
Builder/Maker: Thomas Saywell
Physical description: No. 8 is larger than Nos. 10 and 12. No. 8 is a two storey stuccoed brick Victorian Filigree semi-detached terrace (built around 1860s) with a medium-pitched narrow-eave hipped slate tiled roof.

The ground floor front facade consists of stuccoed walls and a verandah with a central cast iron grille column, timber and cast iron frieze with fringe and no brackets. There are two arched double hung timber windows with stucco moulded architraves and a wide boarded up doorway with arched highlight over, (at time of inspection).

The first floor facade consists of a balcony with cast iron balusrade column and frieze with a separate corrugated steel roof over. There are three sets of glass French doors with semi-circular highlights over and stucco moulded architraves opening onto the balcony.

The building is located on the street corner boundaries of Jane and Gladstone Streets. There is a sandstone base with a stone step leading to the verandah with cast iron palisade fence and gate.

The side elevation facing Gladstone Street has equal sized sliding aluminium windows with semi-circular fixed upper sashes and stucco moulded architraves. The rear of the building has been modified and extended.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Very Good
Gladstone Street elevation - windows have been replaced with aluminium framed sliding windows.
Date condition updated:27 Sep 10
Modifications and dates: 1972 - Modify and relocate bath room and provide open deck (11549)
1973 - Laundry, bathroom, shower (12503)
1981 - Alterations and Additions (20169)
1986 - Weatherboard Out Building (86/439)
1991 -Alterations and Additions (BA/1991/291)
1996 -Alterations including Attic Room (BA/1996/453)
2004 -Alterations and additions to rear of dwelling (D/2004/192)
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential

History

Historical notes: Surgeon William Balmain was granted 550 acres and most of the area now encompassing Balmain in 1800. In 1801 the entire grant was transferred to fellow surgeon John Gilchrist. Gilchrist never actually lived in NSW and advertised the land for sale in 1823. However, the sale was not a success. He gave power of attorney to his Sydney-based agent and merchant, Frank Parbury, who commissioned Surveyor John Armstrong to subdivide part of the land. In 1836 22, 2-4 acres lots mostly about Balmain East were auctioned for sale by Parbury on behalf of the absentee landowner, Gilchrist.
Four lots containing about 38 acres were sold by Gilchrist at the second major sale of the Balmain Estate in August 1837. Included in this land was a 33 foot wide road, later named Adolphus Street. Robert Blake, Sheriff of NSW purchased Lot 1, the area roughly to the east of Adolphus Street to Cameron’s Cove. The remaining 30 acres, Lots 2-4 were purchased by Thomas Hyndes. Hyndes mortgaged Lots 2-4 in early 1840 to John Terry Hughes who in the same year mortgaged it to Adolphus William Young. Young subsequently acquired the land, subdivided and began to sell the various allotments from the late 1840s.

Lot 49 was bought from Young in May 1856 by Timothy Fawcett, Balmain stonemason who constructed six dwellings on the lot. Fawcett quarried the Jane Street portion of lot 49 for stone for the Fawcett Street houses. It is thought that he may have laid the stone basement level for the (Nos 8-12 Jane Street) and he may have been working on them when he died in 1862. His son-in-law Thomas Saywell finished the houses in 1869 and called them Ada Terrace until 1887.

At the beginning of his business career, Thomas Saywell let No.8 to William George Watson, surgeon in 1872 and to many other tenants until the1930s when it was sold to the Allinghams who retained (Nos 8-10 Jane Street) after selling their Fawsett Street houses in 1955. They sold No. 8 separately in February 1967.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Growth of Balmain-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historic significance as part of an early subdivision and Victorian development of the site constructed between 1860 and 1869.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The site is associated with a number of local land speculators, owners and occupants including Thomas Saywell who constructed a number of dwellings in the area.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a good and largely intact Victorian filigree style terrace constructed in 1860-1869. The terrace retains its original and early form and character including sandstone walls and stone base and stucco details, roof form and chimneys, open front porch and balcony and cast iron balustrades and details. The building is constructed to the street frontage and with the adjacent terraces (Nos. 10- and 12) makes a positive contribution to the Jane Street streetscape.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The terrace is a rare example of the Victorian Filigree style terrace in the local area.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The terrace is a representative example of a Victorian Filigree style terrace constructed in the 1860s.
Integrity/Intactness: High
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

It is recommended that: - the existing scale and character of the building and elements including stucco façade and details, roof form and chimney, front verandah and balcony and simple pattern of openings should be retained and conserved; - the front balcony should remain open and cast iron lace details conserved; - the natural stone base should remain unpainted and surfaces that have previously been painted, such as the stucco and timberwork should continue to be painted in appropriate colours. - the rear access to the site should be retained; - any further additions should be restricted to the rear of the building and site and ensure that the nature of the original structure is retained and remains prominent.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I24623 Dec 13   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Leichhardt Municipality Heritage Study1990 McDonald McPhee Pty Ltd (Craig Burton, Wendy Thorp)  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenMax Solling and Peter Reynolds1997Leichhardt: On the Margins of the City
WrittenPeter Reynolds1993Leichhardt Historical Journal No.18

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1940261


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