Two storey pair of terrace | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Two storey pair of terrace

Item details

Name of item: Two storey pair of terrace
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Primary address: 42 Darling Street, Balmain East, NSW 2041
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Leichhardt
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
42 Darling StreetBalmain EastLeichhardt CumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 42 Darling Street has local historic and aesthetic significance as a good example of a two storey late Victorian terrace constructed during the 1870s-1890s. The ground floor bay window and decorative cast iron balustades make a positive contribution to the streetscape although some significance is lost due to the unsympathetic triangular dormer/gablet window.

Note: This inventory sheet is not intended to be a definitive study of the heritage item, therefore information may not be accurate and complete. The information should be regarded as a general guide. Further research is always recommended as part of the preparation of development proposals for heritage items.
Date significance updated: 07 Sep 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: Two storey rendered brick late Victorian semi-detached terrace (built around 1870-1900) with gable-ended slate tiled pitched roof and triangular dormer/gablet window. The ground floor front façade consists of a verandah supported by a narrow cast iron centre column, a projecting bay window with tall timber double hung windows and a wide four panelled timber front door with highlight over.
The first floor facade consists of a balcony with two sets of glass arched French doors with highlights over opening onto the balcony with a cast iron balustrade and sloping corrugated iron roof.
There are steps up to the front entrance door. The building has a small setback from the street with a small front garden of trees and shrubs. There is a sandstone base with cast iron palisade fence on the boundary and a narrow side pathway between the neighbouring building.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good condition.
At the time of this inspection the front facade was being prepared for a new paint job.
Date condition updated:07 Sep 10


Historical notes: This area comprises the earliest land to be subdivided and developed in Balmain. Surgeon William Balmain was granted 550 acres and most of the area now encompassing Balmain in 1800. In 1801 the entire grant was transferred to fellow surgeon John Gilchrist. Gilchrist never actually lived in NSW and advertised the land for sale in 1823. However, the sale was not a success. He gave power of attorney to his Sydney-based agent and merchant, Frank Parbury, who commissioned Surveyor John Armstrong to subdivide part of the land. In 1836 22, 2-4 acres lots were auctioned for sale by Parbury on behalf of the absentee landowner, Gilchrist.
The site is part of Lots 5 and 6 purchased by George William Paul who subsequently commissioned Armstrong to re-subdivide the two large allotments into 14 smaller parcels bounded by Darling, Johnston and Paul Streets and the water frontage. The site is part of Lot 10 which was purchased by R. Hayes in 1840. Due to the depressed economic conditions of this time, it would appear that the middle sections of Paul’s subdivision, including this site, were left undeveloped until conditions improved.
A Sydney Water plan of the area prepared in the late 1880s and revised in the 1890s, indicates that the two terraces were constructed earlier with typical verandahs facing Darling Street and tunnel back wings extending from the rear of the buildings.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site is of local historic significance as part of one of the earliest subdivisions in the area. The building is significant as part of the Victorian development, constructed in the 1870s to early 1890s.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building retains its original form and some of its original detailing.
SHR Criteria g)
The building is a good representative example of a Victorian terrace.
Integrity/Intactness: Fairly high though some integrity is lost due to the unsympathetic dormer/gablet window.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

It is recommended that , -the architectural character of the terrace front be retained, in particular the front verandah and balcony and associated details. -any rear additions to be located below the existing roof line. -any redevelopment should consider the replacement of the triangular dormer/gablet window with a more sympathetic design.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I37923 Dec 13   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Leichhardt Municipality Heritage Study1990 McDonald McPhee Pty Ltd (Craig Burton, Wendy Thorp)  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenMax Solling and Peter Reynolds1997Leichhardt: On the Margins of the City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1940398

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