Walker-Barton private cemetery | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Walker-Barton private cemetery

Item details

Name of item: Walker-Barton private cemetery
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Cemeteries and Burial Sites
Category: Cemetery/Graveyard/Burial Ground
Location: Lat: 8931-3-S Long: KJ 286 988
Primary address: , Wallerawang, NSW 2790
Local govt. area: Lithgow
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
 WallerawangLithgow  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Historic: this cemetery is of high significance because of its connection with James Walker, one of the leading graziers in the early colony and because it is the burial place also of Thomas Brown of Eskbank, the grazier who made the industrial growth of Lithgow in the 1870s feasible. Since the two-storeyed homestead of Wallerawang is now under water, this cemetery is a particularly important memorial to a highly significant family.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: The cemetery was substantially altered in 1977 when flooding from the cooling pond was threatened. The present cemetery is an 80 x 20 m rectangle on the verge of the pond, surrounded by a reconstructed stone wall, 1.5 m high ashlar with curved top. Fine iron gates with ornate cement-rendered posts with sandstone caps give entry. The gravemarkers have been rearranged and no longer mark the placement of the remains. There are 63 monuments in all dating from 1841 to 1948. James Walker's stone table monument was built to resemble that of an ancestor in Largo in Fife. The quality of the markers is, as one could expect, high and the masons include Charles Goodluck, Andrew Brown's personal stonemason. The plantings are sparse: an oak at the entrance and a cypress at the N end.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Above & Below Ground
Further information: On NE shore of the cooling pond for Wallerawang Power Station: not inspected.

History

Historical notes: Two Scotsmen arrived together in New South Wales in 1823 and came to Wallerawang in the following year: James Walker (1785-1856) was the senior man, with merchant capital, and held the initial grant; Andrew Brown (1797-1894) was his manager initially but acquired land at Cooerwull very soon. Both Walker and Brown ran large flocks of sheep on far-flung runs on the Castlereagh River and both became extremely wealthy. Both Walker and Brown established private cemeteries but Walker's was less exclusive than Brown's (A050). The first burial on 6 October 1841 was Bridget Murray, presumably the daughter of old Ned Murray, Walker's Irish emancipist cattle-man in Wolgan Valley and another Murray called James was buried in 1856. James Walker himself died in 1856 and was buried in style. His daughter Georgina married as her first husband Edmund Barton and members of the Barton family are buried at Wallerawang, most notably James L Walker Barton and his sister Lucy who were murdered at the homestead in 1948. This tragedy ended the family's association with Wallerawang which was sold in 1949. The Electricity Commission acquired the estate when Wallerawang Power Station was planned and the cooling pond created by damming the Cox flooded the homestead and occasioned the remodelling of the cemetery by Stonehill PL. The Barton family still retains an interest in the cemetery but the land is owned by the relevant electricity generator, Pacific Power and since 1997 Delta.

One grave of especial significance is that of Thomas Brown of Eskbank, not a member of the family but the founding father of industrial Lithgow and a fellow Scot who was buried here in 1889.

Historical Period Built 1826 - 1850 Historical Period Built Post 1975, Used 1826 - 1850, Used 1851 - 1875, Used 1876 - 1900, Used 1901 - 1925, Used 1926 - 1950

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Ethnic influences-Activities associated with common cultural traditions and peoples of shared descent, and with exchanges between such traditions and peoples. (none)-
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Migration-Activities and processes associated with the resettling of people from one place to another (international, interstate, intrastate) and the impacts of such movements (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use (none)-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Birth and Death-Activities associated with the initial stages of human life and the bearing of children, and with the final stages of human life and disposal of the dead. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This item has historic significance and is assessed as rare on a state basis.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  09 Dec 94   
Heritage study  01 Jan 97   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Greater Lithgow Heritage Study 1997-19981998A109Ian Jack in conjuction with Graham Edds & Assoc, J Colleran & E Higginbotham.  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written   

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1960012


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