Meades Farm | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


Meades Farm

Item details

Name of item: Meades Farm
Other name/s: Kerosene Hotel
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Inn/Tavern
Location: Lat: 8930-4-N Long: KH 403 822
Primary address: Great Western Highway, Little Hartley, NSW 2790
Local govt. area: Lithgow
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Great Western HighwayLittle HartleyLithgow  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Historic: a rare early farmhouse/inn with its outbuldings (particularly barn) in good repair. Its special association as an inn from 1866 to 1882 with the Hartley Vale oil-shale works from which the inn took its name, the Kerosene Hotel, distinguishes it from the other inns along the Hartley section of the Great Western Highway. Aesthetic: the main homestead, landscaping and gateposts are highly significant elements in the local cultural environment. The barn has much diminished heritage value since the recent alterations. Social: as an inn catering for oil-workers from the initially 'dry' village of Hartley Vale, the Kerosene Hotel had high social significance locally in the 1860s and 1870s and continuing local significance thereafter as part of the Little Hartley group of distinguished buildings.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: Vernacular/Colonial Brick/tin. Substantial colonial Georgian inn, masonry wall construction, L-shaped plan with high hipped roof and corner splay. 12-pane windows. Roof line extends at a flatter slope to a verandah on two sides. Large fluted posts with scalloped verandah valance. Two 4-panelled doors with small glass highlight. Separate kitchen outbuilding (with skillion roof replacing original pitched roof) and significant brick barn with wooden louvred windows and attic: lower floor is constructed of horizontal timber slabs. Well landscaped with timber picket fence and sandstone driveway gate-posts.
Modifications and dates: The barn has in 1998 been substantially altered by WIAP Architects of Leura.
Further information: Well maintained property in well landscaped curtilage.


Historical notes: In 1856 portion 40 in Hartley parish was granted to Hugh Beattie. Beattie quickly acquired other land-grants adjacent to the 40 hectares(100a) of portion 40: he then built up by 1858 a consolidated farm of 70 hectares (176a), comprising portions 40, 59, 75, 76. It is likely that the core of the present house was built by Beattie as a farm homestead around 1856-57. John Lewis Meads arrived in the colony from England just at this time. It is not known when he came to Little Hartley but since the property has long been known as Meads Farm, it seems likely that he was leasing the property from Beattie by c. 1860 and running it as a farm.

In 1865 the oil-shale mines and processing plant opened in Hartley Vale, manufacturing kerosene, among other oil products. The farmhouse was converted and almost certainly extended to its present form as the Kerosene Hotel in 1866. The first licensee was John Martin, succeeded in 1871 for two years by J L Meads himself. Thereafter Samuel Ward (a liddleton farmer) held the license from 1873 until his death in 1882. In the meantime, Meads had died in 1878. The next owner was T W Rowntree of Balmain and Morts Dock (died 1902) and the property passed through various private hands in the twentieth century, most recently Mrs D Quin who sold to Mr J Kellie in 1997. Used 1851 - 1875, Used 1876 - 1900, Used 1901 - 1925, Used 1926 - 1950, Used 1951 - 1975, Used Post 1975

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Mining-Activities associated with the identification, extraction, processing and distribution of mineral ores, precious stones and other such inorganic substances. (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This item has historic significance and is assessed as rare on a state basis.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This item has aesthetic significance and is assessed as rare on a state basis.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
This item has social significance and is assessed as representative on a state basis.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  09 Dec 94   
Heritage study  01 Jan 97   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Greater Lithgow Heritage Study 1997-19981998B020Ian Jack in conjuction with Graham Edds & Assoc, J Colleran & E Higginbotham.  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1960141

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