Liverpool Offtake Reservoir | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Liverpool Offtake Reservoir

Item details

Name of item: Liverpool Offtake Reservoir
Other name/s: Liverpool Dam
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Utilities - Water
Category: Water Supply Reservoir/ Dam
Primary address: Off Elizabeth Drive (opposite intersection with Wallgrove Road), Cecil Hills, NSW 2170
Local govt. area: Liverpool
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Off Elizabeth Drive (opposite intersection with Wallgrove Road)Cecil HillsLiverpool  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Liverpool Offtake Reservoir demonstrates the growth of settlement in the Liverpool area in the late 19th century reflecting the needs of a growing urban centre for a major water supply system. As part of the Upper Nepean Scheme, it demonstrates the history of the development of Sydney's fourth water supply source. As an 19th century engineering project the reservoir indicates a level of technical achievement in its design and construction. It is now a rare site type in the LGA. There is the potential to gain more information on the site from further architectural, archaeological and documentary research.
Date significance updated: 09 Nov 04
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Liverpool Offtake Reservoir consists of an earthen reservoir constructed close to the upper canal and supplied by an inlet from the canal. Initially the town was supplied by a 9inch and 6inch water main.
In 1933 the Liverpool Offtake Reservoir was cleaned out and enlarged from a storage of 4 million gallons to 37 million gallons by raising the earth banks by 10feet, the upstream face being lined with concrete slabs with bitumen joints.

The reservoir is located in an extensive track of land, managed by Sydney Catchment Authority, that contains a number of other items of interest, including 2 later above ground water tanks, former chlorination sheds, old landscaping features and fencing. A number of State Survey Marks are also distributed throughout the area.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good
Date condition updated:09 Nov 04
Current use: Water Supply System
Former use: Water Supply System

History

Historical notes: The reservoir was originally constructed in 1890 to supply the township of Liverpool as part of the Upper Nepean Scheme, Sydney's fourth water supply source. As constructed in 1890, the scheme costs 13,000 pounds sterling. It was enlarged in 1933 and is still in use.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Water Suppply System-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Utilities-Activities associated with the provision of services, especially on a communal basis Domestic water system-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Utilities-Activities associated with the provision of services, especially on a communal basis Providing a water supply-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site demonstrates the growth of settlement in the Liverpool area in the late 19th century reflecting the needs of a growing urban centre for a major water supply system. As part of the Upper Nepean Scheme, Liverpool Offtake Reservoir demonstrates the history of the development of Sydney's fourth water supply source.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The site indicates a level of technical achievement being an example of a late 19th century hydraulic design and construction engineering project.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
There is the potential to gain more information on the site from further architectural, archaeological and documentary research.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The site is the only one of its type in the Liverpool LGA and forms an important component of the Sydney's fourth water supply source.
Integrity/Intactness: Intact
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementNo Action, follow existing management contols05 Mar 05

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Regional Environmental PlanSyd. REP No. 31-Regional Parklands 08 Jun 01   
Local Environmental Plan - Lapsed 025203 Feb 95 11661

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Liverpool Heritage Study1992LP0004Neustein & Associates  No
Liverpool Heritage Study Review20041970060FORM architects aust pty ltdHelen Davies & Fred Ramos Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAird W V1961"The Water Supply Sewerage and Drainage of Sydney"

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1970060


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