Kelvin Park Group | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Kelvin Park Group

Item details

Name of item: Kelvin Park Group
Other name/s: Former The Retreat, Cottage Vale, Stables and Lock-Up
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Farming and Grazing
Category: Homestead Complex
Primary address: 30 The Retreat, Bringelly, NSW 2171
Parish: Bringelly
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Liverpool

Boundary:

The road called the "The Retreat" is located off Kelvin Drive Road, Bringelly.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
30 The RetreatBringellyLiverpoolBringellyCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Kelvin Park Group, including site landscaping, homestead, kitchen wing, servant’s quarters, coach house, 2 slab barns and other works and relics.

The Kelvin Park Group is an intact complex of early Colonial farm buildings within an attractive, mature garden in a rural hilltop setting. The earlier buildings include an excellent example of an 1820s homestead and associated outbuildings in the form of timber slab sheds. The complex also retains additional relics and structures illustrative of the original functioning of the property. There is the potential to gain more information on the site from further architectural, archaeological and documentary research.
Date significance updated: 13 Mar 17
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1820-
Physical description: This Kelvin Group consists of an early 19th century homestead and various outbuildings and other works set on a smaller rise at the end of a long (former) carriageway from Kelvin Park Drive. The site of the complex is considerably reduced from its original land holding and is ringed round on all sides by modern housing development erected on subdivisions of the early estate.

The main building fronts a garden with several large, mature trees and remnants of early garden planting which have been incorporated into a more modern garden layout, including a swimming pool. The approach road to the building group terminates in the open courtyard to the rear of the main house, the original carriage-loop in the front of the residences showing evidence of having been of use for many years. Some remain of early fencing and gateposts, however, provide evidence of the character and location of the early access route and fencing about the main house.

The group consists of:
1. the main homestead- an early colonial house of rendered and painted masonry with an iron roof and timber framed verandah,
2. the former Kitchen and dairy block -attached via a covered walkway to the rear of the house.
3.the former servants wing- a free-standing rendered masonry building to the rear of the main house,
4. the former coach house,
5.two slab sheds,
6. site landscaping - including gardens, driveways and fences and,
7. various relics/other works including a cistern, early tankstand and horseworks.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Excellent, with high archaeological potential.
Date condition updated:18 May 04
Modifications and dates: During field inspections undertaken in 2004 it was noted that externally the group has undergone little change since 1992. It remains an intact complex of a 19th century homestead with associated farm buildings. However, although the two wooden farm sheds noted in 1992 still remain, they have deteriorated. Both sheds have suffered from a termite infestation and there is the strong possibility that the structures will soon collapse. Due to safety concerns neither sheds are in use by the owners of the site.

The gardens and setting in the immediate environs of the site has undergone some changes since 1992, photographic records indicating that some vegetation to the rear of the house has been removed. According to the present landowner general garden maintenance was conducted at the site over the last few years. In addition the wider setting of the site is being encroached upon by residential development.
Current use: Private Residence
Former use: Homestead complex, part of working farm.

History

Historical notes: The Kelvin Park Group is part of a 600 acres "Bringelly" land grant originally granted to Thomas Laycock Jnr. He came to Australia with his father, Sergeant Thomas Laycock of the NSW Corps in 1789. Thomas Jnr became a Lieutenant in 1802, left the colony in 1810 and fought for England in the American War of 1812, becoming a Captain. On his return to Australia with his family in 1817 he received the Bringelly grant in 1818. He had the main homestead and surrounding outbuildings of Kelvin Park constructed c.1820. He died here in 1823 and by 1824 the property was bought by J T Campbell former secretary to Governor Macquarie. In 1825 the property was leased by the Australian Agricultural Company.

Kelvin Park was purchased by Alfred Kennerley in 1833, later premier of Tasmania. He lived there until 1856, during this time the double gabled brick coach-house was constructed, c.1851.

Since the mid-19th century the property has had various owners. The group is presently privately owned and occupied.

See also SHI 1970119 (Homestead), 1970139 (Kitchen, former), 1970157 (Staff/Shearer's quarters), 1970164 (Coach House, former), 1970167 (Farm Shed), 1970177 (Farm Shed), 1970445 (Relics) and 1970446 (Site Landscaping).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Homestead Complex-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Early farm buildings-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Colonial Georgian Architecture-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Vernacular Architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The Kelvin Farm Group, being one of the earliest land grants, demonstrates the history of settlement within the region.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The site is associated with the Laycock family and Governor Macquarie's Secretary John Thomas Campbell. It is also associated with the early operations of the Australian Agricultural Company.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The complex shows evidence of an early-19th century vernacular design and construction indicating a level of technical achievement by the early settlers of the region. The site's setting and gardens adds to the authenticity and character of the site, it is aesthetically pleasing.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
There is the potential to gain more information on the site from further architectural, archaeological and documentary research.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The group is a significant intact early Colonial homestead complex that is now rare within the heavily urbanised modern environs of Liverpool.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The group is representative of the complex of sites associated with the early agricultural pioneering settlements of NSW. The various outbuildings represent the simple form, character and design of early vernacular architecture constructed in a rural setting for agricultural use. It also represents the evolution of homesteads away from functional structures to more permanent and ornate buildings, particularly by the more well-to-do settler farmers of that era.
Integrity/Intactness: Intact, high degree of integrity
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

A Conservation Management Plan should be prepared to guide the ongoing management and conservation of this site. An archaeological assessment should be included in the CMP. Prior to any alteration, change, addition, redevelopment to any individual building or item which forms part of the Kelvin Park Group or subdivision of the land upon which this site is situated a Statement of Heritage Impact should be prepared which assesses the impact of that proposal. The SHI should take into account the CMP and include relevant recommendations from the CMP. If a CMP has not been prepared when such redevelopment, alteration or subdivision is proposed the CMP should be prepared first.

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP)18 May 04
Recommended ManagementDevelop a Statement of Heritage Impact25 Jul 05
Recommended ManagementCarry out an Archaeological Assessment25 Jul 05

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanLiverpool LEP 2008829 Aug 08   
Local Environmental Plan - Lapsed 025203 Feb 95 011669

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Liverpool Heritage Study1992LP0031Neustein & Associates  No
Liverpool Heritage Study Review20041970073FORM architects aust pty ltdHelen Davies & Cathy Fisher Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAustralian Council of National Trust "Historic Homesteads of Australia"
WrittenNational Trust of Australia (NSW)1974National Trust of Australia (NSW)
WrittenProudfoot H "Campbelltown, Camden, Appin Survey"
WrittenRoxburgh R "Early Colonial Houses of NSW" & "Early Farm buildings of NSW"
WrittenUNSW Architectural Students Measured drawings

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1970073


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