Group of Federation Queen Anne Style Terrace Houses, including interiors | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Group of Federation Queen Anne Style Terrace Houses, including interiors

Item details

Name of item: Group of Federation Queen Anne Style Terrace Houses, including interiors
Other name/s: Hazeldeen (No. 11); Beechworth (No. 13); Dinis (No. 15); and Glena (No. 17)
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Primary address: 11, 13, 15 and 17 Fernbank Street, Marrickville, NSW 2204
Local govt. area: Marrickville
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
11, 13, 15 and 17 Fernbank StreetMarrickvilleMarrickville  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Of aesthetic and historical significance as a remarkably intact (including slate roofs) Federation Queen Anne style terrace of four houses which represent high quality speculative infill housing development of the Federation period. Federation period terrace housing is relatively rare in the Marrickville local government area, and throughout Sydney. The houses have historical association with Thomas Bowler, a local builder, who constructed the terrace in 1905 and retained ownership of the houses in his family for some time, living in No. 15 and leasing out the other terraces until 1941, illustrating an historical pattern of speculative building construction. The buildings aesthetic significance comprised of a mix of remarkable integrity of fabric for all four terraces, generous 20 foot width, and fine decorative detail (patterned slate roofs, turned timber posts and spindle balustrading to verandahs, marble fireplaces internally where extant), unusual for relatively modest houses.
Date significance updated: 12 Jan 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Four single storey polychrome face brick Federation Queen Anne style terrace houses with gabled slate roofs complete with terracotta ridge cappings and centrally place chimneys with chimney pots. Each of the four houses features a timber-shingled gablet facing the street above the front wall, and a corrugated steel bullnose verandah between fin walls. The fin walls feature curved heads and decorative stucco brackets. The verandahs are supported on turned timber posts, with timber spindle friezes and decorative timber fretwork brackets. Verandah floors are tesselated tiled. Each terrace façade has a 5-panelled timber door with the upper 3 panels glazed (originally with leadlight), and a timber-framed triple casement window with 3 fanlights both windows and fanlights multipaned with square coloured glazed panes at the top. Each terrace has a modern timber acorn picket front fence. The terraces are set back from the street and have small front gardens. The terraces all back onto Marrickville Lane. The two central terraces - Nos. 13 and 15 - have a light well between them at the rear. The terraces are each 20 feet wide, orgiinally with 2 bedrooms 12 by 14 feet in area, off a front hallway leading to lounge, dining and kitchen areas at the rear. Toilets and laundries were originally located in separate skillion-roofed structures at the rear of each of the terraces.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good
Date condition updated:14 May 99
Modifications and dates: No 15 has a circa 1950s timber-framed front window and a new front door. Security features. All four terraces have single storey rear additions with corrugated steel roofing. No. 11 & No. 15 have a rear garage/carport.
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential

History

Historical notes: The original owners of the land within the Marrickville Council area were the Cadigal and Wangal clans of the coastal Eora people. They spoke Eora, which may have been a dialect of the Dharug (Darug) language, though sources differ on this point. With the establishment of the penal colony at Sydney Cove in 1788 the dispossession of the original inhabitants was begun. In 1789 a smallpox plague decimated the Aboriginal population, though descendants of the Cadigal and Wangal people still reside within the Sydney metropolitan area.
Thomas Moore was a boatbuilder and landholder, who arrived in 1796. He was granted 1170 acres in Petersham, which he extended by purchase to 1920 acres by 1807. Dr Robert Wardell, who had arrived in 1824, purchased Moore’s holdings in the late 1820s and by the time of his death owned about 2500 acres, which was known as the "Petersham Estate". Wardell’s house, "Sara Dell" stood near Parramatta Road, on a site now occupied by Fort Street High School, though most of the "Petersham Estate" was south of Stanmore and New Canterbury Roads, stretching to the Cooks River. Dr Wardell was murdered in 1834 and his estate was divided amongst his relatives. Subdivision of the Petersham Estate was begun in 1848.
A portion of the Petersham estate was subdivided as the "Sydenham Estate" in anticipation of the opening of the Sydney to Parramatta railway and advertised for sale, with an auction on 9 October 1854. The area immediately to the south of the "Sydenham Estate", south of Stanmore Road, was subdivided in 1854 as the "Norwood Estate". Stretching from Albert Street to Livingstone Road, and south to Addison Road, it enjoyed views to Botany Bay and was advertised as suitable for villas, cottages and business premises. South of Addison Road was the Norwood Dairy, which was gradually subdivided from the 1880s onwards.
In about 1869 Adolphus Clapin (1828-1914) built a villa called "Fernbank" in Victoria Road. Clapin became Clerk Assistant in the Legislative Council office from 1871 to 1907, and was also an alderman on Marrickville Council. . By the 1870s Marrickville was a patchwork of villas, market gardens, dairies, brickworks and a small commercial centre on Illawarra Road, where the first Marrickville Town Hall was built. The building of a tramway from Marrickville to Dulwich Hill via Marrickville Road in 1889 encouraged suburban subdivisions and with the opening of the Wardell Road (now Dulwich Hill) and Marrickville railway stations on the Belmore Line in 1895 and the electrification of the tram line in 1900, this trend accelerated. With the improvements to transport, the commercial centre of Marrickville moved from Illawarra Road to Marrickville Road. Clapin’s land became increasingly valuable and he sold a portion for subdivision in the 1880s.
The "Fernbank Estate, Marrickville Heights" was auctioned by the Haymarket Permanent Building Society on 26 October 1889. Little land sold and as late as 1903 virtually all the north side of Fernbank Street was still owned by the Haymarket Building Society. Thomas Bowler, a local builder, bought Lots 41 and 42 in about 1904 and built a house he called "Valencia" (now 21 Fernbank Street) shortly afterwards. In about 1905 Thomas Bowler purchased Lots 33 to 36. Bowler built four terrace houses on the blocks in about 1907 and named them "Hazeldeen" (11), "Beechworth" (13), "Dinis" (15) and "Glena" (17).
Thomas Bowler retained ownership of 11 and 13 Fernbank Street, while transferring 15 and 17 to his wife Kate Bowler. The Bowlers moved into 17 Fernbank Street initially and leased the other houses. They later moved to15 Fernbank Street where they remained until Kate’s death in 1928. Thomas Bowler continued to reside at 15 Fernbank Street, probably until his death in 1941.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Of historical significance as representive high quality speculative infill housing development of the Federation period.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Of aesthetic significance as a remarkably intact Federation Queen Anne style terrace of four houses. The houses are conservative in style internally, with fashionable Federation Queen Anne style facades.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Federation Queen Anne style terrace housing is relatively rare in Sydney (there are a number of other examples in Marrickville).
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Of modest but finely detailed Federation Queen Anne style terraces.
Integrity/Intactness: The buildings are remarkably intact, including slate roofing, and retain their integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The building shall be retained and conserved. A Heritage Impact Statement or a Conservation Management Plan, may be required to accompany any development application for major works to the building. There shall be no alterations to the façade of the building other than repairs or reinstatement of original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved where present. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visually prominent or overwhelm the existing building, and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls. General maintenance, including ongoing maintenance of slate roofing. . Encourage replacement of front window of No. 15 with casement windows to match the other terraces. Encourage reinstatement of leadlighting to front doors (based on surviving leadlighting to front door of No. 11).

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanMarrickville LEP 2011I7912 Dec 11 2011/645 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Marrickville Heritage Study19862.115Fox and AssociatesOctober 1995 No
Marrickville Heritage Study Review19972030227Tropman & Tropman Architects1997-1999 Yes
Review of Potential Heritage Items for Marrickville Council2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2030227
File number: 2.115


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