Victorian Italianate Style Villa - Yarrowa, including interiors | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Victorian Italianate Style Villa - Yarrowa, including interiors

Item details

Name of item: Victorian Italianate Style Villa - Yarrowa, including interiors
Other name/s: Yarrowa - Victorian Italianate style villa
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Villa
Primary address: 18 Simmons Street, Newtown, NSW 2042
Local govt. area: Marrickville
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
18 Simmons StreetNewtownMarrickville  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Of historical significance as an 1880 Victorian villa built for a well-off family within close proximity to the housing of the less well-off. Of aesthetic significance as a representative example of a large Victorian Italianate style villa, with (reversible) Federation period verandah/balcony enclosures.
Date significance updated: 11 Jan 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: A large, two-storey Victorian villa with a rendered brick façade, with painted brick sides. The building has an unglazed terracotta tiled hipped roof. The house has horizontal cornicing to walls. There is a arched topped window to the two storey front bay window. The roof features tall rendered brick chimneys. The façade features a two storey vernadah/balcony with a bullnose corrugated steel roof, which has been enclosed with painted brickwork, timber framed windows and a ttimber shingled apron as a balcony balustrade. The house has a substantial setback from the street, and a relatively large front garden.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The building is in good condition and appears to have been recently renovated.
Date condition updated:24 Jul 98
Modifications and dates: The front verandah has been enclosed on the ground and first floors c.1900-1920 with windows, brickwork and timber shingles. There is a modern 2 storey rear addition.
Further information: Draft
Current use: Appears to be a residence
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: The original owners of the land within the Marrickville Council area were the Cadigal and Wangal clans of the coastal Eora people. They spoke Eora, which may have been a dialect of the Dharug (Darug) language, though sources differ on this point. With the establishment of the penal colony at Sydney Cove in 1788 the dispossession of the original inhabitants was begun. In 1789 a smallpox plague decimated the Aboriginal population, though descendants of the Cadigal and Wangal people still reside within the Sydney metropolitan area.
On 8 January 1794 Paul Page, William Jenkins and James Jenkins were each granted 30 acres in the area south of what is now Enmore Road. By 1835 Jenkins’ grant was owned by Captain Sylvester Browne (best known as the father of novelist T.A. Browne, "Rolf Boldrewood") and John Verge designed a house that looked out to Botany Bay. Browne moved to Victoria and by June 1838 the villa, called "Enmore House", was advertised for lease. In June 1840 the entire estate, by now 40 acres, was advertised for sale. The purchaser appears to have been Isaac Simmons.
Simmons subdivided part of the property as the "Beautiful Village of Enmore" in about 1841. This stretched from Juliet Street to Simmons Street. In the vicinity of what is now Metropolitan Road was "Enmore House" itself, which retained 9 acres of grounds. In August 1841 Jacob Josephson (an emancipist who had been transported in 1818) bought "Enmore House" and its grounds from Simmons. On Jacob Josephson’s death in 1845, his son Joshua Josephson, a businessman, politician and later solicitor-general and judge inherited the house.
The remainder of Browne’s property appears to have been bought by Mary Reibey, the emancipist businesswoman (transported for horse-stealing in 1790) who was, by this time, both wealthy and respectable. In the early 1840s she had "Reiby House" built, a villa that stood between what is now Reiby Street and Station Street. In about 1847 "Stanmore House" (between Simmons Street and Reiby Street), probably designed by architect Henry Robertson, was also built for Mary Reiby.
After Mary Reibey’s death in 1855, the Reibey holdings were gradually subdivided. The"Pencilville Estate", stretching from Station Street to Simmons Street had been subdivided in the 1850s, but apparently did not sell as it was re-advertised in 1871.
Daniel Tyerman B. Henry, a clerk, lived at "Stanmore House" with his family from about 1866 until 1879. By 1879 he had purchased a block of land in Simmons Street (this site), on which he built a house, which was completed in 1880. He lived there until his death in 1891 and his wife, Sarah Henry, lived there until 1906 (she died in 1915). From 1907 Mrs Henry let the house, from 1908-1914 to a physican and surgeon D.H. Belgling (or Beegling). In 1906 the house is shown in Sands Directory as occupied by James Boyd. By 1920 the house was owned by their son Herbert Henry, who sold it to F. Bailey.
The house became a "residential chambers" (possibly a grand title for a rooming house) run by Mrs Annie Pinchin in 1925. By 1932 it was being run by Walter J. Bailey and Nurse Bailey. In 1948 it was still being run as a residential building under the ownership of the Bailey family.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Of historical significance as an 1880 Victorian villa built for a well-off family within close proximity to the housing of the less well-off.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Of aesthetic significance as a fine representative example of a large Victorian Italianate style villa with later Federation period verandah/balcony enclosures.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Representative example of aVictorian Italianate style villa with later Federation period alterations.
Integrity/Intactness: The building is reaonably intact and retains much of its integrity despite Federation period verandah and balcony enclosure. These enclosures are reversible.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The building shall be retained and conserved. A Heritage Impact Statement or a Conservation Management Plan, may be required to accompany any development application for major works to the building. There shall be no alterations to the façade of the building other than repairs or reinstatement of original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved where present. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visually prominent or overwhelm the existing building, and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanMarrickville LEP 2011I16912 Dec 11 2011/645 
Within a conservation area on an LEPwithin draft cons. area Marrickville LEP 2001    
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Marrickville Heritage Study Review19972030300Tropman & Tropman Architects1997-1999 Yes
Review of Potential Heritage Items for Marrickville Council2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2030300


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