Monterey, Flats | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Monterey, Flats

Item details

Name of item: Monterey, Flats
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Block of Flats
Primary address: 1 Avenue Road, Mosman, NSW 2088
Parish: Willoughby
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Mosman


Property boundary
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
1 Avenue RoadMosmanMosmanWilloughbyCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

'Monterey' is a prominent Mosman landmark. Its scale, verticality, style and hillside setting amidst mature palms make a substantial contribution to the character of Mosman Bay. Its variegated yet harmonious architectural treatment is characteristic of the Queen Anne style, but here the large size of the building and overtones of the American Shingle style add importance.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: Not known
Builder/Maker: Not known
Physical description: Federation Queen Anne, with American Shingle Style. Prominently located on the headland directly above Mosman Wharf, 'Monterey' is an impressive three-storeyed element in the townscape, and probably Sydney's most dramatic example of this stylistic mode. The ground floor is faced with sandstone and the two upper storeys are face brick. The building displays many characteristics of the Federation Queen Anne style: a complex asymmetrical hip-and-gable tiled roof, with shingled gables and leadlight glazing. The three-storeyed verandah ensemble has bays supported on single and paired posts, the lower two storeys with open balusters and the top level with flared shingled aprons topped by baluster-work. The fenestration comprises bracketted oriels, facetted bays and ranges of multi-paned casements. The wall-hung shingling imparts to the design an American Shingle-style flavour. The terraced garden includes a couple of very tall, shaft-like Washingtonia palms. Several Washingtonias and a Livistona in the neighbouring grounds enframe the house. Below the garden the streetfront sandstone retaining wall has been penetrated by seven arched garage entrances. The whole complex appears to be in excellent condition.


Historical notes: Though it is now a block of apartments, 'Monterey' was erected about 1900-1901 as a grand residence for a local surgeon. It was purchased in a derelict state by Mr W Baker, who restored the building for use as a restaurant and private hotel. In more recent times it has been returned to a residential function.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria f)
This item is aesthetically rare regionally. This item is historically rare regionally. This item is socially rare statewide.
Integrity/Intactness: Intact
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  09 Dec 11 41 
Local Environmental Plan - Lapsed G&M   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Pittwater Road Review2001 Kim Ketelby  Yes
 0008 RI/CHP No

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2060008
File number: 008

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