Tendring | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage



Item details

Name of item: Tendring
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 49 Wycombe Road, Neutral Bay, NSW 2089
Local govt. area: North Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
49 Wycombe RoadNeutral BayNorth Sydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

A large imposing late Victorian Mansion executed in a restrained Tudor version of the Federation Queen Anne style. It is a survivor of the Neutral Bay Land Company Subdivision and occupies an important corner site. It is understood to have been designed and owned by the eminent architect Walter Liberty Vernon, who later became the Government Architect to the NSW Department of Public Works 1890-1911. It is one of a collection of large fine houses in the vicinity which taken together, characterise the area but is a rare example of Walter Liberty Vernon's private residential work. The interior retains much of its original room configuration and decorative features. The dwelling exhibits a high aesthetic value and is held in high esteem by the community

Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include information on landscape significance, interiors or the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are updated by Council as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conversation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Date significance updated: 23 Oct 18
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: Walter Liberty Vernon
Physical description: A two storey rendered brick house with a hipped and gabled roof of terracotta tiles. It features roughcast render alternating with face brick details, now painted, on the upper floor, elaborate gable parapets with moulded cornices, an oval feature window and a ground floor verandah of corrugated iron carried on timber posts. The south and west facades have a Ground level verandah with timber posts. The First Floor has been modified by enclosure of the verandah. The is an unsympathetic double carport. The interior exhibits its original room configuration and changes have been made to create some new openings with nib walls. There are many plaster decorative features including patterned ceilings, archways and ovolos. Original joinery includes but is not limited to mantle pieces paneled doors, a pantry holed door, windows, skirtings, picture rails and the main staircase. There are many fine leadlights and a stained glass window with a bird on the staircase landing. The original fire places and mantles in the Ground Level primary rooms exhibit fine Victorian tile work. This building is designed in the Federation Queen Anne style. This description is not complete and the property may contain other physical features that are of significance but have not been described.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Minor Alteration.
Further information: The dwelling was converted to two dwellings in the 1990s and subsequently reinstated as a single dwelling. The swimming pool in the front garden, the verandah enclosure of the First Level and the carport at the rear detract from the significance of the heritage item.
Current use: Residential private
Former use: Residential private


Historical notes: Land was originally inhabited by the Cammeraygal and Wallumedegal people.
The first land grant in the area was of 700 acres to Lt Alred Thrupp, however Thrupp never lived on the land.
The land grant then came under the control of Thrupp's father in law, Capt John Piper, however, after becoming bankrupt in 1826, the land was sold to Daniel Cooper Snr and Solomon Levey.
Daniel Cooper became the sole owner of the land in 1852 and bequeathed the land to his nephew John Cooper the elder.
The Cooper family released allotments with 99 year leases in Neutral Bay and along Kurraba Point.
The residential subdivision of Neutral Bay was undertaken by the Neutral Bay Land Company whose main shareholder was the architect Walter Liberty Vernon. He later became Government Architect in 1890. In 1884, Vernon became the lessee of a portion of the Cooper and Levey estate, known as the Cooperville Estate.
It is understood that Vernon was the architect for the dwelling.
The dwelling was converted to two apartments in the late 1990s ( David Scobie HIS Page 8)

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Local significance as a surviving mansion developed by the Neutral Bay Land Company.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
State significance for its association with the eminent architect Walter Liberty Vernon. It is understood to be designed by Vernon (1846-1914), who later became the Government Architect 1890-1911 to the NSW Department of Public Works as was also owned by Vernon.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Local significance for its aesthetic value as quality example of a 1880s residence in the Federation Queen Anne style that forms part of a group of equally aesthetic dwellings within the Neutral Bay Land Company subdivision.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
State significance for the high level of esteem for the property as it is listed by the National Trust.
SHR Criteria f)
State significance for being a rare example of private residential design work by Walter Liberty Vernon and a fine example of residential architecture for the period.
SHR Criteria g)
This item is assessed as historically representative locally. This item is assessed as aesthetically representative regionally. This item is assessed as socially representative regionally as a large residence in the Federation Queen Anne style with some Victorian Tudor features such as the curved parapetted gables.
Integrity/Intactness: _Intact primary form. Enclosure of First Level verandah. Intact interior room configuration. Many intact decorative interior features. Unsympathetic swimming pool, carport and verandah enclosure. Face brickwork unsympathetically painted..
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:


Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Statutory InstrumentNominate for State Heritage Register (SHR)23 Oct 18


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan I074402 Aug 13   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
North Sydney Heritage Study Review19931360Tony Brassil, Robert Irving, Chris Pratten, Conybeare MorrisonTB Oct 92 Yes
North Sydney Heritage Review2002 John Oultram  No
Heritage Impact Statement Issue E July 20182018 David Scobie Architects Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images


Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2181360
File number: DA 276/18

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